Arab Federation

The Hashemite Arab Federation was a short-lived country that was formed in 1958 from the union between the Hashemite Kingdoms of Iraq and Jordan. Although the name implies a federal structure, it was de facto a confederation.

Hashemite Arab Federation
الاتحاد العربي الهاشمي
Al-Ittihad Al-‘Arabī Al-Hashimi
CapitalBaghdad
Common languagesArabic
Religion
Majority Islam (Sunni and Shi'a), minorities Christianity and others
GovernmentConfederal dual monarchy
Faisal II
Hussein
Historical eraCold War
 Established
14 February 1958
14 July 1958
 Disestablished
2 August 1958
Area
1958527,659 km2 (203,730 sq mi)
Population
 1958
12,434,000
CurrencyIraqi Dinar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Iraq
Jordan
Iraqi Republic
Jordan
Today part ofIraq
Jordan
Palestine
Saudi Arabia

The Federation was formed on 14 February 1958, when King Faisal II of Iraq and his cousin, King Hussein of Jordan, sought to unite their two Hashemite kingdoms, as a response to the formation of the United Arab Republic between Egypt and Syria. The union lasted only six months, being officially dissolved on 2 August 1958, after Faisal was deposed by a military coup on 14 July.