Aragon

Aragon (/ˈærəɡɒn/ or /ˈærəɡən/, Spanish and Aragonese: Aragón [aɾaˈɣon], Catalan: Aragó [əɾəˈɣo]) is an autonomous community in Spain, coextensive with the medieval Kingdom of Aragon. In northeastern Spain, the Aragonese autonomous community comprises three provinces (from north to south): Huesca, Zaragoza, and Teruel. Its capital is Zaragoza. The current Statute of Autonomy declares Aragon a historic nationality of Spain.

Aragon
Aragón  (Spanish)
Aragón  (Aragonese)
Aragó  (Catalan)
Anthem: Himno de Aragón (officially)
Unofficial Anthem: "Canto a la libertad"
Location of Aragon within Spain
Coordinates: 41°00′N 1°00′W
CountrySpain
CapitalZaragoza
Government
  PresidentJavier Lambán (PSOE)
  LegislatureCortes of Aragon
Area
(9.4% of Spain; ranked 4th)
  Total47,720 km2 (18,420 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total1,308,563
  Density27/km2 (71/sq mi)
  Pop. rank
11th
  Percent
2.82% of Spain
Demonym(s)Aragonese
ISO 3166 code
ES-AR
Official languagesSpanish
Recognised languagesAragonese, Catalan[1]
Statute of Autonomy16 August 1982
18 April 2007 (current version)
National day23 April
ParliamentAragonese Corts
Congress seats13 (of 350)
Senate seats14 (of 265)
HDI (2018)0.898[2]
very high · 6th
WebsiteGobierno de Aragón

Covering an area of 47720 km2 (18420 sq mi),[3] the region's terrain ranges diversely from permanent glaciers to verdant valleys, rich pasture lands and orchards, through to the arid steppe plains of the central lowlands. Aragon is home to many rivers—most notably, the river Ebro, Spain's largest river in volume, which runs west–east across the entire region through the province of Zaragoza. It is also home to the highest mountains of the Pyrenees.

As of January 2016, the population of Aragon was 1308563,[3] with over half of it living in its capital city, Zaragoza. During the same year, the economy of Aragon generated a GDP of €34687 million, which represents 3.1% of Spain's national GDP,[4] and is currently 6th in per capita production behind Madrid, Basque Country, Navarre, Catalonia and La Rioja.[5]

In addition to its three provinces, Aragon is subdivided into 33 comarcas or counties. All comarcas of Aragon have a rich geopolitical and cultural history from its pre-Roman, Celtic and Roman days, four centuries of Islamic rule as Marca Superior of Al-Andalus or kingdom (or taifa) of Saraqusta, as lands that once belonged to the Frankish Marca Hispanica, counties that later formed the Kingdom of Aragon, and eventually the Crown of Aragon.