Architectural, Surveying, Planning and Landscape (constituency)


The Architectural, Surveying, Planning and Landscape functional constituency (Chinese: 建築、測量、都市規劃及園境界功能界別) is a functional constituency in the elections for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong. It was fist created in 1985 as Engineering, Architectural, Surveying and Planning for the first ever Legislative Council election in 1985 as one of the original 12 functional constituency seats. The constituency was divided into Engineering and Architectural, Surveying and Planning in 1991. In the 2016 election, the constituency was changed to its current name when the landscape architects were added to the electorates.

Architectural, Surveying, Planning and Landscape
建築、測量、都市規劃及園境界
Functional Constituency
for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong
Country Hong Kong
Electorate9,096 (2020)[1]
Current constituency
Created1991
Number of membersOne
Member(s)Tony Tse (Nonpartisan)
Created fromEngineering, Architectural, Surveying and Planning
Architectural, Surveying, Planning and Landscape
Traditional Chinese建築、測量、都市規劃及園境界
Simplified Chinese建筑、测量、都市规划及园境界

The constituency is composed of architects, landscape architects, surveyors, and planners and the members of Hong Kong Institute of Architects, Hong Kong Institute of Landscape Architects, Hong Kong Institute of Surveyors, and Hong Kong Institute of Planners entitled to vote at the general meetings of the associations. As of 2020, there are 9,096 registered voters. It is one of the few swing seats contested between the pro-Beijing and pro-democracy camps. It was first won by independent democrat Yiu Chung-yim in 2016 in a three-way contest against two pro-Beijing candidates, defeating pro-Beijing incumbent Tony Tse, but was soon disqualified for his oath-taking manner from the office.[2] The vacancy was taken up by Tony Tse in the 2018 by-election.[3]

Composition


The architectural, surveying, planning and landscape functional constituency is composed of—[4]

  • architects registered under the Architects Registration Ordinance (Cap. 408); and
  • members of The Hong Kong Institute of Architects entitled to vote at general meetings of the Institute; and
  • landscape architects registered under the Landscape Architects Registration Ordinance (Cap. 516); and
  • members of The Hong Kong Institute of Landscape Architects entitled to vote at general meetings of the Institute; and
  • professional surveyors registered under the Surveyors Registration Ordinance (Cap. 517); and
  • members of The Hong Kong Institute of Surveyors entitled to vote at general meetings of the Institute; and
  • professional planners registered under the Planners Registration Ordinance (Cap. 418); and
  • members of The Hong Kong Institute of Planners entitled to vote at general meetings of the Institute.

Return members


Engineering, Architectural, Surveying and Planning (1985–1991)

ElectionMemberPartyVotes%
1985 Cheng Hon-kwan Nonpartisan 1,129 41.83
1988 N/A

Architectural, Surveying and Planning (1991–2016)

ElectionMemberPartyVotes%
1991 Edward Ho Sing-tin BPFLiberal 552 53.70
1995 Liberal N/A
Not represented in the Provisional Legislative Council (1997–1998)
1998 Edward Ho Sing-tin Liberal N/A
2000 Kaizer Lau Ping-cheung Nonpartisan 938 39.88
2004 Patrick Lau Sau-shing NonpartisanAlliance 1,130 28.36
2008 AllianceProfessional Forum 1,429 37.27
2012 Tony Tse Wai-chuen Independent 1,668 35.20

Architectural, Surveying, Planning and Landscape (2016–present)

ElectionMemberPartyVotes%
2016 Edward Yiu Chung-yim Nonpartisan 2,491 43.44
2018 by-election Tony Tse Wai-chuen Nonpartisan 2,929 55.54

Electoral results


2010s

2018 Architectural, Surveying, Planning and Landscape by-election[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Nonpartisan Tony Tse Wai-chuen 2,929 55.54 +20.51
Independent Paulus Johannes Zimmerman 2,345 44.46 +1.02
Majority 584 11.08
Total valid votes 5,274 100.00
Rejected ballots 118
Turnout 5,392 70.77
Registered electors 7,619
Nonpartisan gain from Nonpartisan Swing

[6]

2016 Legislative Council election: Architectural, Surveying, Planning and Landscape
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Nonpartisan Yiu Chung-yim 2,491 43.44
Independent Tony Tse Wai-chuen 2,009 35.03 −0.17
Nonpartisan Bernard Vincent Lim Wan-fung 1,235 21.35
Majority 482 8.41
Total valid votes 5,735 100.00
Rejected ballots 93
Turnout 5,828 79.07
Registered electors 7,371
Independent hold Swing

[7]

2012 Legislative Council election: Architectural, Surveying and Planning
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Tony Tse Wai-chuen 1,668 35.20
Independent Patrick Lau Sau-shing 1,607 33.91 −3.36
Democratic Stanley Ng Wing-fai 1,464 30.89 +12.32
Majority 61 1.29
Total valid votes 4,739 100.00
Rejected ballots 211
Turnout 4,950 73.00
Registered electors 6,781
Independent hold Swing

2000s

[8]

2008 Legislative Council election: Architectural, Surveying and Planning
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Nonpartisan Patrick Lau Sau-shing 1,429 37.27 +8.91
Nonpartisan Yu Kam-hung 1,241 32.37
Democratic Stanley Ng Wing-fai 712 18.57 +5.34
Nonpartisan Chan Yiu-fai 383 9.99 −2.94
Independent Chan Chan-fai 69 1.80
Majority 188 4.90
Total valid votes 3,834 100.00
Rejected ballots 125
Turnout 3,959 64.41
Registered electors 6,147
Nonpartisan hold Swing

[9]

2004 Legislative Council election: Architectural, Surveying and Planning
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Patrick Lau Sau-shing 1,130 28.36
Independent Kenneth Chan Jor-kin 649 16.29
Nonpartisan Kaizer Lau Ping-cheung 616 15.46 −24.42
Independent Roger Anthony Nissim 547 13.73
Democratic Stanley Ng Wing-fai 527 13.23
Independent Chan Yiu-fai 515 12.93
Majority 481 12.04
Total valid votes 3,984 100.00
Rejected ballots 75
Turnout 4,059 79.34
Registered electors 5,116
Independent gain from Nonpartisan Swing

[10]

2000 Legislative Council election: Architectural, Surveying and Planning
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Nonpartisan Kaizer Lau Ping-cheung 938 39.88
Nonpartisan Law Kin-chung 767 32.61
Liberal Edward Ho Sing-tin 647 27.51
Majority 171 7.27
Total valid votes 2,352 100.00
Rejected ballots 60
Turnout 2,412 63.29
Registered electors 3,811
Nonpartisan gain from Liberal Swing

1990s

1998 Legislative Council election: Architectural, Surveying and Planning
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Ho Sing-tin Unopposed
Registered electors 3,218
Liberal win (new seat)
1995 Legislative Council election: Architectural, Surveying and Planning
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Ho Sing-tin Unopposed
Registered electors 1,878
Liberal hold Swing
1991 Legislative Council election: Architectural, Surveying and Planning
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BPF Edward Ho Sing-tin 552 53.70
LDF Lau Siu-kwan 246 23.93
NHKA Kan Fook-yee 136 13.23
Nonpartisan Po Luk-kei 94 9.14
Majority 306 29.77
Total valid votes 1,028 100.00
Rejected ballots 11
Turnout 1,039 70.16
Registered electors 1,481
BPF hold Swing

1980s

1988 Legislative Council election: Engineering, Architectural, Surveying and Planning
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Nonpartisan Cheng Hon-kwan Unopposed
Nonpartisan hold Swing
1985 Legislative Council election: Engineering, Architectural, Surveying and Planning
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Nonpartisan Cheng Hon-kwan 1,129 41.83
Nonpartisan Raymond Ho Chung-tai 1,074 39.79
Nonpartisan To Leung-tak 496 18.38
Majority 55 2.04
Total valid votes 2,699 100.00
Nonpartisan win (new seat)

References


  1. "Voter Registration Statistics : Functional Constituency". Voter Registration.
  2. "Hong Kong lawmaker disqualification ruling 'opens huge floodgate', lawyers say". South China Morning Post. 15 July 2017.
  3. "Election Result - Architectural, Surveying, Planning and Landscape Functional Constituency". Electoral Affairs Commission.
  4. "Legislative Council Ordinance". Hong Kong e-Legislation.
  5. "Election Result – Architectural, Surveying, Planning and Landscape Functional Constituency". Electoral Affairs Commission.
  6. "2016 Legislative Council Election". Government of Hong Kong. Retrieved 17 November 2012.[permanent dead link]
  7. "2012 Legislative Council Election". Government of Hong Kong. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
  8. "2008 Legislative Council Election". Government of Hong Kong. 8 September 2008. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
  9. "2004 Legislative Council Election". Government of Hong Kong. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
  10. "2000 Legislative Council Election". Government of Hong Kong. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2012.