National Reorganization Process

The National Reorganization Process (Spanish: Proceso de Reorganización Nacional, often simply el Proceso, "the Process")[2] was the military dictatorship that ruled Argentina from 1976 to 1983. In Argentina it is often known simply as última junta militar ("last military junta"), última dictadura militar ("last military dictatorship") or última dictadura cívico-militar ("last civil–military dictatorship"), because there have been several in the country's history.[3]

Argentine Republic
República Argentina
1976–1983
Anthem: Himno Nacional Argentino
Argentina shown in dark green
CapitalBuenos Aires
Common languagesSpanish
Religion
Roman Catholicism
GovernmentFederal republic under a military dictatorship
President of Argentina 
 1976–81
Jorge Rafael Videla
 1981
Roberto Eduardo Viola
 1981
Carlos Lacoste
 1981–82
Leopoldo Galtieri
 1982
Alfredo Óscar Saint-Jean
 1982–83
Reynaldo Bignone
Historical eraCold War
24 March 1976
30 October 1983
Population
 1975
25,865,776
 1980
27,949,480
HDI (1980)0.665[1]
medium
CurrencyArgentine peso (1975–90)
ISO 3166 codeAR
Preceded by
Succeeded by
1976 Argentine coup d'état
1983 Argentine general election
The "first military junta" – Admiral Emilio Massera, Lieutenant General Jorge Videla and Brigadier General Orlando Agosti (from left to right) – observing the Independence Day military parade on Avenida del Libertador, 9 July 1978.

The Argentine military seized political power during the March 1976 coup against the presidency of Isabel Perón, widow of former President Juan Domingo Perón; a time of state terrorism against civilians started, with the new dictatorship labeling its own use of torture, extrajudicial murder and systematic forced disappearances as "a Dirty War". After starting and then losing the Falklands War to the United Kingdom in 1982, the military junta faced mounting public opposition and finally relinquished power in 1983.

Almost all of the surviving junta members are currently serving sentences for crimes against humanity and genocide.