Artaxerxes I

Artaxerxes I (/ˌɑːrtəˈzɜːrksz/, Old Persian: 𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎠 Artaxšaçāʰ;[2][3] Ancient Greek: Ἀρταξέρξης Artaxérxēs;[4] Hebrew: אַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתָּא, Modern: ʾArtaḥšásta, Tiberian: ʾArtaḥšasetāʾ) was the fifth King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire, from 465 to 424 BC.[5] He was the third son of Xerxes I.

Artaxerxes I
King of Kings
Great King
King of Persia
King of Babylon
Pharaoh of Egypt
King of Countries
Relief of Artaxerxes I, from his tomb in Naqsh-e Rustam
King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire
Reign465–424 BC
PredecessorXerxes I
SuccessorXerxes II
Died424 BC, Susa
SpouseQueen Damaspia
Alogyne of Babylon
Cosmartidene of Babylon
Andia of Babylon
IssueXerxes II
Darius II
FatherXerxes I

nomen or birth name
Era: Late Period
(664–332 BC)
Egyptian hieroglyphs

He may have been the "Artasyrus" mentioned by Herodotus as being a satrap of the royal satrapy of Bactria.

In Greek sources he is also surnamed "long-handed" (Ancient Greek: μακρόχειρ Makrókheir; Latin: Longimanus), allegedly because his right hand was longer than his left.[6]

Share this article:

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Artaxerxes I, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.