Artaxerxes I

Artaxerxes I (/ˌɑːrtəˈzɜːrksz/, Old Persian: 𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎠 Artaxšaçāʰ;[2][3] Ancient Greek: Ἀρταξέρξης Artaxérxēs;[4] Hebrew: אַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתָּא, Modern: ʾArtaḥšásta, Tiberian: ʾArtaḥšasetāʾ) was the fifth King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire, from 465 to 424 BC.[5] He was the third son of Xerxes I.

Artaxerxes I
𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂
King of Kings
Great King
King of Persia
King of Babylon
Pharaoh of Egypt
King of Countries
Relief of Artaxerxes I, from his tomb in Naqsh-e Rustam
King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire
Reign465–424 BC
PredecessorXerxes I
SuccessorXerxes II
BornUnknown
Died424 BC, Susa
Burial
SpouseQueen Damaspia
Alogyne of Babylon
Cosmartidene of Babylon
Andia of Babylon
IssueXerxes II
Sogdianus
Darius II
Arsites
Parysatis
HouseAchaemenid
FatherXerxes I
MotherAmestris
ReligionZoroastrianism

nomen or birth name
Artaxerxes[1]
Era: Late Period
(664–332 BC)
Egyptian hieroglyphs

He may have been the "Artasyrus" mentioned by Herodotus as being a satrap of the royal satrapy of Bactria.

In Greek sources he is also surnamed "long-handed" (Ancient Greek: μακρόχειρ Makrókheir; Latin: Longimanus), allegedly because his right hand was longer than his left.[6]


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