Arvind Panagariya

Arvind Panagariya (born 30 September 1952) is an Indian-American economist and a professor of economics at Columbia University, who served as first vice-chairman of the government of India think-tank NITI Aayog between January 2015 and August 2017.[1]

Arvind Panagariya
1st Vice Chairman of NITI Aayog
In office
5 January 2015  31 August 2017
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byRajiv Kumar
Personal details
Born (1952-09-30) 30 September 1952 (age 68)
Alma materRajasthan University (B.A., M.A.)
Princeton University (Ph.D.)
AwardsPadma Bhushan


He was previously Chief Economist at the Asian Development Bank.[2][3][4] In the past, he has been a professor of economics at the University of Maryland at College Park. He has also worked for the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization, and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). He holds a Ph.D in economics from Princeton University.[5]

As of 2018, Panagariya has written more than 15 books,[6] including India: The Emerging Giant, published in March 2008. Papers written by him for the World Bank and IMF usually promote the idea of privatizing all the state owned enterprises of India.[7] It was described as the ‘definitive book on the Indian economy’ by Fareed Zakaria.[citation needed] He has appeared on Bloomberg TV India for the show "Transforming India With Arvind Panagriya"[8] On 5 Jan 2015, he was appointed Vice-Chairman of the National Institution for Transforming India Aayog, the replacement for the Planning Commission. He was appointed India's Sherpa for G20 talks in September 2015, replacing Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu.[9] Panagariya is also heading analysing the data of the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011.[10] He gave his resignation as Niti Aayog Vice-Chairman stating that Columbia University has not extended his leave beyond 31 August 2017.[11]