As-Saffah

Abu al-‘Abbās ‘Abdu'llāh ibn Muhammad al-Saffāḥ (Arabic: أبو العباس عبد الله بن محمد السفّاح; 721/722 – 10 June 754) usually known as Abul ‘Abbas as-Saffaḥ or simply as As-Saffah was the first caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate, one of the longest and most important caliphates (Islamic dynasties) in Islamic history. (Due to different methods of romanising Arabic names, the spellings As-Saffah and Al-Saffah may both be found.)

Abu al-‘Abbās ‘Abdu'llāh as-Saffāḥ
أبو العباس عبد الله السفّاح
Khalīfah
Amir al-Mu'minin
As-Saffah's proclamation as caliph, from a 14th-century illustrated manuscript of Balami's Tarikhnama
1st Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Reign25 January 750 – 10 June 754
PredecessorDynasty established
Marwan II as Umayyad Caliph
Successoral-Mansur
Born721
Humeima, Bilad al-Sham
(modern-day Jordan)
Died10 June 754 (aged 33)
Al-Anbar, Abbasid Caliphate
(modern-day Iraq)
Burial
Anbar (beneath the minbar)
SpouseUmm Salamah al-Makhzum
IssueRaitah bint al-Saffah
Names
Kunya: Abul-Abbas
Given name: Abdullah
Laqab: as-Saffah
Nasab: Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Abdullah ibn Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim
DynastyAbbasid
FatherMuhammad ibn Ali
MotherRaita Al-Harsia
ReligionSunni Islam

Abū'l ‘Abbās' laqab or caliphal title was As-Saffāḥ (السفّاح), meaning "the Blood-Shedder" for his ruthless tactics and perhaps also to instill fear in his enemies.