Ascension Island

Ascension Island is an isolated volcanic island, 7°56′ south of the Equator in the South Atlantic Ocean. It is about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) from the coast of Africa and 1,400 miles (2,300 km) from the coast of Brazil. It is governed as part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha,[2] of which the main island, Saint Helena, is around 800 miles (1,300 km) to the southeast. The territory also includes the sparsely populated Tristan da Cunha archipelago, 2,300 miles (3,700 km) to the south, about halfway to the Antarctic Circle.

Ascension Island
Anthem: "God Save the Queen"
Topographic map of Ascension Island
Location of Ascension Island in the southern Atlantic Ocean
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
British settlement1815
Part of UK Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha12 September 1922
Current constitution1 September 2009
Capital
and largest settlement
Georgetown
7°56′S 14°25′W
Official languagesEnglish
GovernmentDevolved locally governing dependency under a constitutional monarchy
 Monarch
Elizabeth II
 Governor
Philip Rushbrook
Sean Burns
LegislatureIsland Council
Government of the United Kingdom
 Minister
Tariq Ahmad
Area
 Total
88 km2 (34 sq mi)
Highest elevation
2,818 ft (859 m)
Population
 2016 census
806[1]
CurrencySaint Helena pound (£) (SHP)
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (GMT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+247
UK postcode
ASCN 1ZZ
ISO 3166 codeSH-AC
Internet TLD.ac

Named after the day of its recorded discovery, Ascension of Jesus, Ascension Island was an important safe haven as a coaling station to mariners and a refueling stop for commercial airliners back in the days of international air travel by flying boats.

During World War II, it was an important naval and air station, especially providing antisubmarine warfare bases in the Battle of the Atlantic.[3] Ascension Island was garrisoned by the British Admiralty from 22 October 1815 to 1922.

The island is the location of RAF Ascension Island, which is a Royal Air Force station, a European Space Agency rocket tracking station, an Anglo-American signals intelligence facility and the BBC World Service Atlantic Relay Station. The island was used extensively as a staging point by the British military during the Falklands War. Ascension Island hosts one of four ground antennas that assist in the operation of the Global Positioning System (GPS) navigational system (the others are on Kwajalein Island, Diego Garcia, and Cape Canaveral). NASA operates a Meter Class Autonomous Telescope (MCAT) on Ascension Island for tracking orbital debris, which is potentially hazardous to operating spacecraft and astronauts, at a facility called the John Africano NASA/AFRL Orbital Debris Observatory.[4]