Asia-Pacific


The Asia-Pacific (APAC[1]) is the part of the world in or near the Western Pacific Ocean. Asia-Pacific varies in area depending on context, but it generally includes East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Australasia, and Oceania.

Map showing the general definition of Asia-Pacific. Dark green refers to the core Asia-Pacific countries, while light green refers to regions that may be included.

Definition


The term may include parts of Russia (on the North Pacific) and countries in the Americas which are on the coast of the Eastern Pacific Ocean; the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, for example, includes Canada, Chile, Russia, Mexico, Peru and the United States. Alternatively, the term sometimes comprises all of Asia and Australasia as well as Pacific island nations (Asia-Pacific and Australian continent)—for example, when dividing the world into large regions for commercial purposes (e.g., into the Americas/LAC, EMEA and Asia-Pacific).[2] Western and Central Asia are almost never included.

On the whole, there is no clear-cut definition of "Asia-Pacific", and the regions included change depending on the context. The term has become popular since the late 1980s in commerce, finance, and politics. Despite the heterogeneity of the regions' economies, most individual nations within the zone are emerging markets experiencing rapid growth (compare the acronym APEJ, "Asia-Pacific excluding Japan").[3]

Component areas


The Asia-Pacific region generally includes:

Asia

East Asia

North Asia

South Asia

Southeast Asia

Oceania

Australasia

Melanesia

Micronesia

Polynesia

Main countries and territories data


Country / Territory Area
(km2)
Population Pop. density
(/km2)
GDP
millions of USD (2018)
GDP per capita
USD (2017)[4]
Capital
 Afghanistan652,23038,042,00058.319,900577 Kabul
 American Samoa19955,68925971111,398.8 Pago Pago
 Australia7,692,02425,553,0002.81,500,00059,655 Canberra
 Bangladesh147,570156,594,9621,033.5287,6301,359 Dhaka
 Bhutan38,394742,73718.06,3842,804 Thimphu
 British Indian Ocean Territory54,4003,00058.3-- Camp Justice
 Brunei5,765415,71767.317,42626,939 Bandar Seri Begawan
 Cambodia181,03515,205,53981.816,8991,270 Phnom Penh
 China9,596,9611,357,380,00014510,355,3508,123 Beijing
 Christmas Island1351,84310.39-- Flying Fish Cove
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands1454443-- West Island
 Cook Islands236.717,3794231115,002.5 Avarua
 Federated States of Micronesia702104,937158.13833,058.4 Palikir
 Fiji18,274909,38946.48,3305,153 Suva
 French Polynesia4,167275,918785,62320,098 Papeete
 Guam540162,7427755,79335,664.5 Hagåtña
 Hong Kong1,1047,234,8006,544292,67743,681 Hong Kong
 India3,287,2631,324,171,354398.82,716,7461,939 New Delhi
 Indonesia1,904,569252,164,800124.66856,0663,570 Jakarta
 Japan377,944126,434,9643374,769,80438,894 Tokyo
 Kiribati811110,1361521871,625.3 Tarawa
 Laos236,8006,320,0002711,7072,353 Vientiane
 Macau29541,20018,66236,42873,187 Macau
 Malaysia329,84730,185,78790336,9139,503 Kuala Lumpur
 Maldives298341,3561,102.54,9208,602 Malé
 Marshall Islands181.4353,0662932203,621.2 Majuro
 Mongolia1,564,1162,736,800211,7253,686 Ulaanbaatar
 Myanmar676,57850,496,0007465,2911,275 Naypyidaw
 Nauru2111,2004801149,030.1 Yaren
   Nepal147,18126,494,50418062,384730 Kathmandu
 New Caledonia18,576278,50014.59,89412,579.6 Nouméa
 New Zealand268,0214,853,49616201,02839,427 Wellington
 Niue261.461,6245.35105,800 Alofi
 Norfolk Island34.61,74861.9-- Kingston
 North Korea120,54024,895,00019827,820583 Pyongyang
 Northern Mariana Islands46455,1441131,24228,163.8 Saipan
 Pakistan881,913226,174,380234.4312,5701,468 Islamabad
 Palau45921,50346.731217,317.9 Ngerulmud
 Papua New Guinea462,8406,732,0001516,0962,183 Port Moresby
 Philippines343,448110,517,000307289,6862,951 Manila
 Pitcairn Islands475045-- Adamstown
 Russia17,098,246147,003,1048.41,630,65911,288.9 Moscow
 Samoa2,842195,843688614,392.5 Apia
 Singapore7105,183,7007,023307,08552,961 Singapore
 Solomon Islands28,400599,41918.11,4242,162.7 Honiara
 South Korea100,21051,302,0445001,699,00027,539 Seoul
 Sri Lanka65,61020,277,597323233,6373,835 Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
 Taiwan36,19123,119,772639505,45231,900 Taipei
 Thailand513,12067,764,000132380,4915,908 Bangkok
 Timor-Leste14,8741,171,000764,5101,162 Dili
 Tokelau101,499115106,275 None
 Tonga748100,6511394704,364 Nukuʻalofa
 Tuvalu2611,192475.88453,700.7 Funafuti
 Vanuatu12,189272,45919.79573,033.4 Port Vila
 Vietnam331,21088,069,000265187,8482,186 Hanoi
 Wallis and Futuna142.4211,55883.5518812,640 Mata Utu

See also


References


  1. "Digital creativity and innovation lacking in kids in APAC: report – The regional UNESCO report includes recommendations for education policymakers"
  2. Member Economies - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. Apec.org. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.
  3. See for example Pan, Hui, ed. (October 2004). "Vonage and Cisco to sell phone equipment". VoIP Monthly Newsletter. Information Gatekeepers Inc. 2 (10): 3. Retrieved 2011-12-15. APEJ (Asia-Pacific Excluding Japan) and EEMEA (Eastern Europe, Middle East, and Africa) will grow their combined share of this figure from 17 percent to 22 percent during the same period, as North America's share adjusts from 53 percent to 46 percent.
  4. "GDP per capita (current US$) | Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2018-07-19.