Asia-Pacific


Asia-Pacific or Asia Pacific (APAC), is the part of the world in or near the western Pacific Ocean. Asia-Pacific varies in area depending on context, but it generally includes East Asia, South Asia,[note 1] Southeast Asia and Oceania.

Map showing Asia-Pacific in the world. Dark green indicates core Asia-Pacific countries; light green indicates regions that may be included.

The term may also include parts of Russia (Far Eastern Federal District) and countries in the Americas which are on the coast of the eastern Pacific Ocean. The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), for example, includes Canada, Chile, Mexico, Peru, Russia and the United States. Alternatively, the term sometimes comprises all of Asia (except the Middle East) and Australasia as well as Pacific island nations (Indo-Pacific and the Australian continent) — for example, when dividing the world into three large regions for commercial purposes: the Americas, Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA) and Asia-Pacific.[1] Western Asia is almost never included.[2][3]

On the whole, there is no clear-cut definition of "Asia-Pacific", and the regions included change depending on the context. The term has become popular since the late 1980s in commerce, finance and politics. Despite the heterogeneity of the regions' economies, most individual nations within the zone are emerging markets experiencing rapid growth and burgeoning economic prosperity. (Compare the concept/acronym APEJ or APeJ—Asia-Pacific excluding Japan.)[4]

Component areas


The Asia-Pacific (APAC) region[5] generally includes:

Asia

East Asia
North Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia

Oceania

Australasia
Melanesia
Micronesia
Polynesia

List of countries and territories


Country / Territory Area
(km2)
Population Pop. density
(/km2)
GDP
millions of USD (2018)
GDP per capita
USD (2017)[6]
Capital
 Afghanistan652,23038,042,00058.319,900577 Kabul
 American Samoa19955,68925971111,398.8 Pago Pago
 Australia7,692,02425,553,0002.81,500,00059,655 Canberra
 Bangladesh147,570156,594,9621,033.5287,6301,359 Dhaka
 Bhutan38,394742,73718.06,3842,804 Thimphu
 Brunei Darussalam5,765415,71767.317,42626,939 Bandar Seri Begawan
 Cambodia181,03515,205,53981.816,8991,270 Phnom Penh
 China9,596,9611,357,380,00014510,355,3508,123 Beijing
 Christmas Island1351,84310.39 Flying Fish Cove
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands1454443 West Island
 Cook Islands236.717,3794231115,002.5 Avarua
 Federated States of Micronesia702104,937158.13833,058.4 Palikir
 Fiji18,274909,38946.48,3305,153 Suva
 French Polynesia4,167275,918785,62320,098 Papeete
 Guam540162,7427755,79335,664.5 Hagåtña
 Hong Kong1,1047,234,8006,544292,67743,681 Hong Kong
 India3,287,2631,324,171,354398.82,716,7461,939 New Delhi
 Indonesia1,904,569252,164,800124.66856,0663,570 Jakarta
 Japan377,944126,434,9643374,769,80438,894 Tokyo
 Kiribati811110,1361521871,625.3 Tarawa
 Laos236,8006,320,0002711,7072,353 Vientiane
 Macau29541,20018,66236,42873,187 Macau
 Malaysia329,84730,185,78790336,9139,503 Kuala Lumpur
 Maldives298341,3561,102.54,9208,602 Malé
 Marshall Islands181.4353,0662932203,621.2 Majuro
 Mongolia1,564,1162,736,800211,7253,686 Ulaanbaatar
 Myanmar676,57850,496,0007465,2911,275 Naypyidaw
 Nauru2111,2004801149,030.1 Yaren
   Nepal147,18126,494,50418062,384730 Kathmandu
 New Caledonia18,576278,50014.59,89412,579.6 Nouméa
 New Zealand268,0214,357,43716201,02839,427 Wellington
 Niue261.461,6245.35105,800 Alofi
 Norfolk Island34.61,74861.9 Kingston
 North Korea120,54024,895,00019827,820583 Pyongyang
 Northern Mariana Islands46455,1441131,24228,163.8 Saipan
 Pakistan803,940226,174,380234.4312,5701,468 Islamabad
 Palau45921,50346.731217,317.9 Ngerulmud
 Papua New Guinea462,8406,732,0001516,0962,183 Port Moresby
 Philippines343,448108,891,000307289,6862,951 Manila
 Pitcairn Islands475045 Adamstown
 Russia[7][8]17,125,2008,371,2571.21,630,65911,288.9 Moscow[9]
 Samoa2,842195,843688614,392.5 Apia
 Singapore7105,183,7007,023307,08552,961 Singapore
 Solomon Islands28,400599,41918.11,4242,162.7 Honiara
 South Korea100,21051,302,0445001,699,00027,539 Seoul
 Sri Lanka65,61020,277,597323233,6373,835 Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
 Taiwan36,19123,119,772639505,45231,900 Taipei
 Thailand513,12067,764,000132380,4915,908 Bangkok
 Timor-Leste14,8741,171,000764,5101,162 Dili
 Tokelau101,499115106,275 None
 Tonga748100,6511394704,364 Nukuʻalofa
 Tuvalu2611,192475.88453,700.7 Funafuti
 Vanuatu12,189272,45919.79573,033.4 Port Vila
 Vietnam331,21088,069,000265187,8482,186 Hanoi
 Wallis and Futuna142.4211,55883.5518812,640 Mata Utu

Notes


  1. Excluding Iran. Traditionally a Middle Eastern country, Iran is the only South Asian country under the United Nations geoscheme that is not a part of Asia-Pacific. The country is a part of Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA) instead.
  2. Geographically a part of Southeast Asia, but the United Nations geoscheme includes it as a part of Australia and New Zealand.
  3. Excluding  Navassa Island and  Wake Island. Geographically a part of Polynesia, but the United Nations geoscheme includes it as a part of Micronesia.

References


  1. Member Economies - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Archived 2018-07-09 at the Wayback Machine. Apec.org. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.
  2. "Semiconductor Foundry Market - Growth, Trends and Forecast (2019 - 2024)". Mordor Intelligence'. 2019-06-20. Archived from the original on 2019-12-20. Retrieved 2019-12-20.
  3. "Semiconductor Foundry Market: 2019 Global Industry Trends, Growth, Share, Size and 2021 Forecast Research Report". MarketWatch. 2019-11-28. Archived from the original on 2019-12-20. Retrieved 2019-12-20.
  4. See for example Pan, Hui, ed. (October 2004). "Vonage and Cisco to sell phone equipment". VoIP Monthly Newsletter. Information Gatekeepers Inc. 2 (10): 3. Archived from the original on 2016-05-15. Retrieved 2011-12-15. APEJ (Asia-Pacific Excluding Japan) and EEMEA (Eastern Europe, Middle East, and Africa) will grow their combined share of this figure from 17 percent to 22 percent during the same period, as North America's share adjusts from 53 percent to 46 percent.
  5. UNSD Methodology – Standard country or area codes for statistical use (M49)
  6. "GDP per capita (current US$) | Data". data.worldbank.org. Archived from the original on 2019-09-21. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  7. Russia is a transcontinental country located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, but is considered European historically, culturally, ethnically, and politically, and the vast majority of its population (78%) lives within its European part.
  8. Only the Far Eastern Federal District.
  9. Moscow is located in Europe.