Asmara

Asmara (/æsˈmɑːrə/ əs-MAHR), or Asmera, is the capital and most populous city of Eritrea, in the country's Central Region. It sits at an elevation of 2,325 metres (7,628 ft), making it the sixth highest capital in the world by altitude. The city is located at the tip of an escarpment that is both the northwestern edge of the Eritrean Highlands and the Great Rift Valley in neighbouring Ethiopia. In 2017, the city was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its well-preserved modernist architecture.[3][4] The site of Asmera was first settled in 800 BC with a population ranging from 100 to 1000. The city was then founded in the 12th century AD after four separate villages unified to live together peacefully after long periods of conflict.[5] Under Italian rule the city of Asmara was made capital of Eritrea in the last years of the 19th century.

Asmara
ኣስመራ
Clockwise from top:
Cityscape, Sunset view over Asmara, Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Fiat Tagliero Building sign, 23d ISCOE East Africa conference in Asmara 2019
Interactive map outlining Asmara
Asmara
Location within Eritrea
Asmara
Location within Africa
Asmara
Location on Earth
Coordinates: 15°19′22″N 38°55′30″E
Country Eritrea
RegionCentral
Districts13
DemonymAsmarino
Settled800 BC
Incorporated1890
Government
  Mayor of AsmeraFshaye Haile
  Mayor of ZobaFshaye Haile
Area
  Capital45 km2 (17 sq mi)
Elevation
2,325 m (7,628 ft)
Population
 (2020)[1]
  Capital963,000
  Rank1st in Eritrea
  Density19,911/km2 (51,570/sq mi)
  Metro
1,258,001
Time zoneUTC+03:00 (EAT)
HDI (2017) 0.597[2]
medium · 1st
ClimateAw, BSk
Official nameAsmera: a Modernist City of Africa
CriteriaCultural: ii, iv
Reference1550
Inscription2017 (41st Session)
Area481 ha
Buffer zone1,203 ha