ASEAN

ASEAN (/ˈɑːsiɑːn/ AH-see-ahn,[17] /ˈɑːziɑːn/ AH-zee-ahn),[18][19] officially the Association of Southeast Asian Nations,[20] is an economic union comprising 10 member states in Southeast Asia, which promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration between its members and other countries in Asia. ASEAN's primary objective was to accelerate economic growth and through that social progress and cultural development. A secondary objective was to promote regional peace and stability based on the rule of law and the principle of United Nations charter. With some of the fastest growing economies in the world, ASEAN has broadened its objective beyond the economic and social spheres. In 2003, ASEAN moved along the path of the European Union by agreeing to establish an ASEAN community comprising three pillars: the ASEAN security community, the ASEAN economic community, and the ASEAN socio-cultural community. The ten stalks of rice in the ASEAN flag and insignia represent the ten southeast Asian countries bound together in solidarity.

Association of
Southeast Asian Nations
  • Burmese:အရှေ့တောင်အာရှနိုင်ငံများအသင်း
    Filipino:Samahan ng mga Bansa sa Timog Silangang Asya[1]
    Indonesian:Perhimpunan Bangsa-bangsa Asia Tenggara[2]
    Khmer:សមាគមប្រជាជាតិអាស៊ីអាគ្នេយ៍
    Lao:ສະມາຄົມປະຊາຊາດແຫ່ງອາຊີຕະເວັນອອກສຽງໃຕ້
    Malay:Persatuan Negara-negara Asia Tenggara[3]
    Chinese:东南亚国家联盟
    東南亞國家協會
    Tamil:தென்கிழக்காசிய நாடுகளின் கூட்டமைப்பு
    Thai:สมาคมประชาชาติแห่งเอเชียตะวันออกเฉียงใต้
    Vietnamese:Hiệp hội các quốc gia Đông Nam Á[4]
Motto: "One Vision, One Identity, One Community"[13]
Anthem: "The ASEAN Way"
10 member states shown in dark green.
SecretariatJakarta[lower-alpha 1]
6°14.3353′S 106°47.9554′E
Largest cityJakarta
6°11.6962′S 106°49.3837′E
Working languageEnglish[14]
Official languages
of contracting states
Membership
Leaders
Lim Jock Hoi
Establishment
8 August 1967
 Charter
16 December 2008
Area
 Total
4,522,518[15] km2 (1,746,154 sq mi)
Population
 2021 estimate
667,393,019[16]
 Density
144/km2 (373.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
 Total
$8.993 trillion[16]
 Per capita
$13,475[16]
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
 Total
$3.356 trillion[16]
 Per capita
$4,849[16]
HDI (2018) 0.723[lower-alpha 2]
high
Time zoneUTC+6:30 to +9 (ASEAN)
Website
ASEAN.org

ASEAN also regularly engages other countries in the Asia-Pacific region and beyond. A major partner of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, ASEAN maintains a global network of alliances and dialogue partners and is considered by many as a global powerhouse,[21][22] the central union for cooperation in Asia-Pacific, and a prominent and influential organization. It is involved in numerous international affairs, and hosts diplomatic missions throughout the world.[23][24][25][26]