Asturias

Asturias (/æˈstʊəriəs, ə-/,[4][5] Spanish: [asˈtuɾjas]; Asturian: Asturies [asˈtuɾjes; -ɾjɪs]), officially the Principality of Asturias (Spanish: Principado de Asturias; Asturian: Principáu d'Asturies; Galician-Asturian: Principao d'Asturias), is an autonomous community in northwest Spain.

Asturias
Asturies  (Asturian)
Principado de Asturias  (Spanish)
Principáu d'Asturies  (Asturian)
Principao d'Asturias (Galician-Asturian)
Motto(s): 
Hoc signo tuetur pius, Hoc signo vincitur inimicus[1]
("By this sign is the pious safeguarded. By this sign is the enemy conquered.")
Anthem: Asturias, patria querida (Spanish)
"Asturias, beloved fatherland"
Location of Asturias (red) within Spain
Coordinates: 43°20′N 6°00′W
CountrySpain
Formation722 (Kingdom of Asturias)
1230 (Comarca of the Asturias of Oviedo)
1833 (Province of Oviedo)
1982 (Autonomous Community)
Statute of Autonomy1981
Capital
Largest city
Oviedo
Gijón
Government
  TypeDevolved government in a constitutional monarchy
  BodyGovernment of the Principality of Asturias
  PresidentAdrián Barbón (FSA-PSOE)
  LegislatureGeneral Junta of the Principality of Asturias
  Congress of Deputies7 Deputies (of 350)
  Senate6 Senators (of 265)
Area
  Total10,604 km2 (4,094 sq mi)
Area rank10th in Spain (2.1%)
Population
 (2020)[2]
  Total1,018,784
  Rank14th in Spain (2.4%)
  Density96/km2 (250/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Asturian
asturiano, -na (es)
GDP
 (nominal; 2018)[3]
  Total€23.3 billion
  Per capita€24,400
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Area code+34 985
ISO 3166 codeES-AS (autonomous community)
ES-O (province)
HDI (2018)0.887
very high · 9th
Official languagesSpanish (Asturian has special status)
Patron saintOur Lady of Covadonga
Websiteasturias.es

It is coextensive with the province of Asturias and contains some of the territory that was part of the larger Kingdom of Asturias in the Middle Ages. Divided into eight comarcas (counties), the autonomous community of Asturias is bordered by Cantabria to the east, by León (Castile and León) to the south, by Lugo (Galicia) to the west, and by the Cantabrian sea to the north.

Asturias is situated in a mountainous setting with vast greenery and lush vegetation, making it part of Green Spain. The region has a maritime climate. It receives plenty of annual rainfall and little sunshine by Spanish standards and has very moderated seasons, most often averaging in the lower 20s celsius. Heatwaves are rare due to mountains blocking southerly winds. Winters are very mild for the latitude, especially near sea level.

The most important cities are the communal capital, Oviedo, the seaport and largest city Gijón, and the industrial town of Avilés. Other municipalities in Asturias include Cangas de Onís, Cangas del Narcea, Gozón, Grado, Langreo, Llanera, Laviana, Lena, Llanes, Mieres, Siero, Valdés, Vegadeo and Villaviciosa (see also List of municipalities and comarcas in Asturias).

Asturias is also home of the Princess of Asturias Awards.