Athletic Club (Basque: Bilboko Athletic Kluba; Spanish: Athletic Club de Bilbao), commonly known as Athletic Bilbao or just Athletic, is a professional football club based in the city of Bilbao in the Basque Country in Spain. They are known as Los Leones (The Lions) because their stadium was built near a church called San Mamés (Saint Mammes). Mammes was an early Christian thrown to the lions by the Romans. Mammes pacified the lions and was later made a saint. The team plays its home matches at the San Mamés Stadium. Its home colours are red and white-striped shirts with black shorts.
|Full name||Athletic Club|
|Nickname(s)||Los Leones (The Lions)|
|2020–21||La Liga, 10th of 20|
Athletic are the fourth most successful club in La Liga with eight titles to their name. In the table of Copa del Rey titles, Athletic is second only to Barcelona, having won it 23 times. It is also the most successful Basque football club in both league and cup titles won. The club also has one of the most successful women's teams in Spain, which has won five championships in the Primera División Femenina.
The club is one of three founding members of the Primera División that have never been relegated from the top division since its inception in 1929, the others being Real Madrid and Barcelona. These three clubs, along with Osasuna, are the only four professional clubs in Spain that are not sports corporations; instead they are owned and operated by club members. Athletic's main rivals are Real Sociedad, against whom it contests the Basque derby, and Real Madrid, due to sporting and political identity; a minor rivalry also exists with Barcelona due to historical significance. At various points in the club's history, further Basque league derbies have been contested against Alavés, Eibar and Osasuna.
The club is known for its cantera policy of bringing young Basque players through the ranks, as well as recruiting players from other Basque clubs. Athletic's official policy is to sign players native to or trained in football in the greater Basque Country, which includes Biscay, Gipuzkoa, Álava and Navarre (in Spain); and Labourd, Soule and Lower Navarre (in France). Since 1912, Athletic has played exclusively with players meeting its own criteria to be deemed Basque. This can be seen as a unique case in European football; it has gained Athletic both admirers and critics. The club has been praised for promoting home grown players and club loyalty. The rule does not apply to coaching staff, with several examples of non-Basques both from Spain and abroad having coached the first team.
Despite the implications of the name 'Athletic Club' in English, and unlike some of the other major Spanish teams which have several departments, it is not a multi-sport club, participating only in football, although sections for cycling and others existed prior to the Spanish Civil War in the 1930s.
Bilbao FC, Athletic Club and Club Bizcaya
Football was introduced to Bilbao by two distinct groups with British connections: British workers and Basque students returning from schools in Britain. In the late 19th century, Bilbao was a leading industrial town and attracted many migrant workers, including miners from the north-east of England and shipyard workers from Southampton, Portsmouth and Sunderland. They brought with them the game of football and came together to form Bilbao Football Club. Meanwhile, sons of the Basque educated classes, like Juan de Astorquia, went to Britain to complete their studies, developed an interest in football and on their return began to arrange games with British workers. In 1898, Juan de Astorquia, Luis Astorquia and other students founded the Athletic Club, using the English spelling.
In 1901, a meeting held in the Café García established more formal rules and regulations. In 1902, the two clubs formed a combined team known as Club Bizcaya and elected as president founding member Juan de Astorquia in the first Copa del Rey and won the competition. This led to the eventual merger of the two clubs as Athletic Club in 1903. In the same year, under the presidency of Juan de Astorquia, Basque students also formed Athletic Club Madrid, which later evolved into Atlético Madrid. The club itself declares 1898 as its foundation date.
Copa del Rey
The club featured prominently in early Copas del Rey. Following the inaugural win by Club Bizcaya, the newly formed Athletic Bilbao won it again in 1903, both times under Juan de Astorquia who was President and Captain. In 1904, they were declared winners after their opponents failed to turn up. In 1907, they revived the name Club Vizcaya after entering a combined team with Union Vizcaino. After a brief lull, they won again in 1910, with Luis de Astorquia as the new captain and goalkeeper1910 Copa del Rey and then three times in a row between 1914 and 1916. The star was Pichichi, who scored the first goal at the San Mamés stadium in 1913 and a hat-trick in the 1915 cup final. The La Liga top scorer award is named in his honour.
The first La Liga
Other Basque clubs such as Real Unión, Arenas Club de Getxo and Real Sociedad were also founding members of La Liga in 1928 and by 1930 they were joined by CD Alavés; five of the ten clubs in the Primera División were from the Basque Country. The saying "Con cantera y afición, no hace falta importación", translated as "With home-grown teams and support, there is no need for import", made sense during these early days.
The Fred Pentland Era
In 1921, a new British coach, Fred Pentland, arrived; in 1923, he led the club to victory in the Copa del Rey. He revolutionised the way Athletic played, favouring the short-passing game. In 1927, Pentland left Athletic but returned in 1929 and led the club to La Liga/Copa del Rey doubles in 1930 and 1931. The club won the Copa del Rey four times in a row between 1930 and 1933 and they were also La Liga runners-up in 1932 and 1933. In 1931, Athletic defeated Barcelona 12–1, the latter's worst-ever defeat.
The league title under Garbutt
Athletic's success under British coaches continued with William Garbutt. His first season in Spain was a massive success as he managed to win the Liga that year. He had inherited a talented squad which included strikers Guillermo Gorostiza and Bata.
Garbutt promoted the young Ángel Zubieta to the first team, a player who at 17 years of age went on to become the youngest ever to play for the Spanish national team at the time. In the final game of the season, the title was decided when Athletic defeated Oviedo 2–0 at home on 19 April 1936, winning the title just two points clear of Real Madrid. In July 1936, football halted due to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War. The league did not restart until the 1939–40 season. Athletic Club did not win the title again until 1943 and by that time Garbutt had been exiled.
In 1941, the club changed its name to Atlético Bilbao, following a decree issued by Franco. The same year Telmo Zarra made his debut. He went on to score 294 goals in all competitions for Athletic. His 38 goals in the 1950–51 season stood as a record for 60 years.
In 1943, the club won a double and retained the Copa in both 1944 and 1945. During the early 1950s, the club featured the legendary forward line of Zarra, Panizo, Rafa Iriondo, Venancio and Agustín Gaínza. They helped the club win another Copa del Generalisimo in 1950. Coach Ferdinand Daučík led the team to another double in 1956 and to more Copa victories in 1955 and 1958. In 1956 the club also made their debut in the European Cup.
The 1970s were not much better, with only another single Copa del Rey win in 1973. In December 1976, before a game against Real Sociedad, Iribar and Sociedad captain Inaxio Kortabarria carried out the Ikurriña, the Basque flag, and placed it ceremonially on the centre-circle – this was the first public display of the flag since the death of Francisco Franco. In 1977, the club reached the final of the UEFA Cup, only losing on away goals to Juventus. By then the Franco regime also ended and the club reverted to using the name Athletic.
The Clemente years
In 1981, Javier Clemente became manager. He put together one of the most successful teams in the club's history. In 1983 the club won La Liga, and in 1984 they won a La Liga/Copa del Rey double. In 1985 and 1986, Athletic finished third and fourth respectively. Clemente's Athletic acquired notoriety for its aggressive style of play. The club has failed to win a major trophy since the success of the era. A succession of coaches that included José Ángel Iribar, Howard Kendall, Jupp Heynckes and Javier Irureta and even a returning Clemente failed to reproduce his success.
The Fernández era
In 1998, coach Luis Fernández led the club to second in La Liga and UEFA Champions League qualification. Fernández benefited from the club adopting a more flexible approach to the cantera. In 1995, Athletic had signed Joseba Etxeberria from regional rivals Real Sociedad, causing considerable bad feeling between the two clubs. Etxeberria was a prominent member of the 1997–98 squad, along with Rafael Alkorta and Julen Guerrero.
The club narrowly avoided relegation during the 2005–06 and 2006–07 seasons, the latter being the worst in the club's history. In the Copa del Rey, they reached their first final in 24 years, losing 4–1 to Barcelona.
Prior to the 2011–12 season, Athletic's new president, former player Josu Urrutia, brought in coach Marcelo Bielsa; Athletic advanced to their first European final since 1977, losing 3–0 to Spanish rivals Atlético Madrid on 9 May in the 2012 UEFA Europa League Final at the Arena Națională in Bucharest. They also reached the 2012 Copa del Rey Final, losing again to Barcelona.
After star midfielder Javi Martínez moved to FC Bayern Munich, Athletic were eliminated from the 2012–13 Europa League group stage, and were knocked out of the Copa del Rey by Basque club Eibar of the third tier. Relegation was a threat until the end of the season, and the final league game at the "old" San Mamés ended in defeat. Athletic would soon move to a new stadium, albeit in a partially completed state. Bielsa promoted young French defender Aymeric Laporte into the side, while striker Fernando Llorente completed a free transfer to Juventus.
After Bielsa, Ernesto Valverde returned for a second spell as manager, and he signed or brought through several new players as Athletic came fourth in the league, meaning a UEFA Champions League campaign. Ander Herrera transferred to Manchester United for €36 million deal at the end of the season.
Athletic had a triumphant first full-capacity match in the new San Mamés as they defeated Napoli to qualify for the Champions League group stage, however they could only finish 3rd in the group. Athletic reached the 2015 Copa del Rey Final, but once again lost to Barcelona, 3–1.
In the first leg of the 2015 Supercopa de España at San Mamés, Athletic defeated Barcelona 4–0, with Aritz Aduriz scoring a hat-trick. In the return leg at Camp Nou, Athletic hung on with a 1–1 draw to win their first trophy since 1984. Aduriz finished with 36 goals in all competitions. Athletic advanced to the quarter-finals in the Europa League where they were only defeated on penalties by the holders and eventual repeat winners Sevilla FC.
Valverde left his position at the end of the 2016–17 season after four years. It was confirmed that his successor would be former player José Ángel Ziganda, moving up from Bilbao Athletic. On 29 November the club suffered a shock defeat to SD Formentera in the domestic cup. At the conclusion of a poor season overall, Ziganda was dismissed and Eduardo Berizzo was appointed. However, his spell was even less fruitful and in December 2018, having won just two of his fifteen matches at the helm and with the team in the relegation zone, Berizzo was dismissed. B-team coach Gaizka Garitano took over and oversaw an improvement in results, with the club moving well out of danger and narrowly missing out on a Europa League spot on the last day.
The beginning of the 2019–20 season saw more consistent results. After the first five games of the season, the Lions sat at the top of the table, their best start in 26 years. That form could not be maintained, and by the halfway point they had slipped to mid-table after several draws. However, in the Copa del Rey, they survived two penalty shootouts against second-tier opponents and then defeated Barcelona to reach the semi-finals. The club then defeated Granada CF in the semi-final on away goals to meet local rivals Real Sociedad in the final – which was then postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain, both clubs happy to delay in the hope of supporters being able to attend the historic Basque derby occasion. This did not come to pass, and the final was eventually played in an empty stadium in 3 April 2021, Real Sociedad emerging winners by a 1–0 scoreline. By that time, Aduriz had finally retired from playing, Garitano had been replaced as coach by Marcelino, and the 2020–21 Supercopa de España originally intended to follow the delayed cup final was contested, Athletic defeating Real Madrid then Barcelona to claim the trophy. They also defeated Levante in the semi-final of the 2020–21 Copa del Rey to reach the final on 17 April 2021, against Barcelona once again, making them the only team to have the privilege of taking part in the Cup final twice in as many weeks.
Athletic began playing in an improvised white kit, but in the 1902–03 season, the club's first official strip became half-blue, half-white shirts similar to those worn by Blackburn Rovers, which were donated by Juan Moser. Later, a young student from Bilbao named Juan Elorduy, who was spending Christmas 1909 in London, was charged by the club to buy 25 new shirts, but was unable to find enough. Waiting for the ship back to Bilbao and empty handed, Elorduy realised that the colours of the local team Southampton matched the colours of the City of Bilbao, and bought 50 shirts to take with him. Upon arriving in Bilbao, the club's directors decided almost immediately to change the team's strip to the new colours, and since 1910, Athletic Club have played in red and white stripes. Of the 50 shirts bought by Elorduy, half were then sent to Atlético Madrid, where Elorduy was a committee member and a former player; it had originally begun as a youth branch of Athletic Bilbao. Before the switch from blue and white to red and white, only one other team wore red and white, Sporting de Gijón, since 1905.
Athletic were one of the last major clubs who did not have the logo of an official sponsor emblazoned on their kit. In the UEFA Cup and the Copa del Rey of 2004–05, the shirt sported the word "Euskadi" in green in exchange for hundreds of thousands of euros from the Basque Government (Red, white and green are the Basque colours). This policy was changed in 2008, when Athletic made a deal with the Biscay-based Petronor oil company to wear their logo in exchange for over €2 million. In 2011, Athletic revealed a new away kit that was inspired by the Basque flag. The Kutxabank logo now adorns the front of Athletic's kits.
Between 2001 and 2009 Athletic also manufactured their own playing kit, under the brand 100% Athletic and utilising the small design from their centenary celebrations as a manufacturer's logo.
Athletic's shield has incorporated the escutcheons of Bilbao and Biscay. From the shield of Bilbao, it takes the bridge and the church of San Anton, and the wolves from the powerful Haro family, who were lords of Biscay and founders of Bilbao in 1300. From the shield of Biscay, it takes the Gernikako Arbola (Guernica's tree) and the cross of San Andrés. Its first documented use dates from 1922.
The first official club crest was a blue circle surrounded by a belt with the letters A and C in the centre in white (as the club colours were at that point). The second was from 1910, consisting of a red-and-white flag (newly adopted as the shirt colours) with a red square in the top left corner, containing the initials of the club in white. The third, from 1913, involved the same flag, but in this case shown on a pole wrapped around a football (this is very similar to the Real Sociedad crest still in use today, ignoring the crown of royal patronage).
The first version of the current crest, roughly an inverted triangular shield shape with a section of red-and-white stripes and a section of local motifs, is from 1922; this was a really simple version which was adapted several times, some of which closely resembled the crest of Atlético Madrid, originally a branch of the Bilbao club. Finally, in 1941 the first version of the current shield was created, but the name "Atlético Bilbao" was used when General Francisco Franco outlawed all non-Spanish names during his fascist reign. In 1972, the club added full colour to the design and recovered the original English "Athletic Club" name. In 2008, the shape of the shield was slightly altered and a new "Athletic Club" typeface was introduced.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
|Head coach||Marcelino García Toral|
|Assistant coach||Patxi Ferreira|
|Technical coach||Alberto Iglesias|
|Physical coach||Juan Ángel Iribarren|
|Goalkeeper coach||Aitor Iru|
|Head of medical service||Josean Lekue|
|Nurses||Juanma Ipiña, Álvaro Campa|
|Physiotherapists||Beñat Azula, Isusko Ortuzar|
|Regenerative therapist||Xabier Clemente|
|Materials managers||Jon Eskalza, Iker López|
The current board is presided by Aitor Elizegi, businessman by profession, whose candidacy was successful during the elections in December, succeeding the previous president, Josu Urrutia. There were a total of 19,340 votes. Elizegi was the winner with 9,264 votes (47.9%), while opposition candidate Alberto Uribe-Echevarría garnered 9,179 (47.46%). 781 (4.04%) members voted blank and 116 (0.6%) remaining votes were considered invalid.
- President: Aitor Elizegi.
- Vice-President: Mikel Martínez.
- Secretary: Fernando San José.
- Vice-Secretary: María Tato.
- Treasurer: Aitor Bernardo.
- Accountant: Jon Ander de las Fuentes.
- Board members: Begoña Castaño, Goyo Arbizu, Itziar Villamandos, Óscar Beristain, Joana Martínez, Iker Goñi, Óscar Arce, Ricardo Hernani, Tomás Ondarra, Jorge Gómez, Manu Mosteiro.
- Managing Director: Jon Berasategi.
- General Secretary: Juan Ignacio Añibarro.
- Sports Director: Rafael Alkorta.
Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors
|Period||Kit manufacturer||Shirt sponsor|
- La Liga (8): 1929–30, 1930–31, 1933–34, 1935–36, 1942–43, 1955–56, 1982–83, 1983–84
- Copa del Rey (23): 1903, 1904, 1910, 1911, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1921, 1923, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1943, 1944, 1944–45, 1949–50, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1969, 1972–73, 1983–84
- Supercopa de España (3): 1984, 2015, 2020–21
- Copa Eva Duarte: 1950
|Season||League||Cup||Europe||Other Comp.||Top scorer(s)|
|2015–16||1D||5th||38||18||8||12||58||45||62||QF||Europa League||QF||Supercopa de España||W||Aritz Aduriz||36|
|2016–17||1D||7th||38||19||6||13||53||43||63||R16||Europa League||R32||Aritz Aduriz||24|
|2017–18||1D||16th||38||10||13||15||41||49||43||R32||Europa League||R16||Aritz Aduriz||20|
|2020–21||1D||10th||38||11||13||14||46||42||46||RU||Supercopa de España||W||Raúl García||10|
Pos. = Position; Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches Lost; GF = Goals For; GA = Goals Against; Pts = Points
|Winners||Runners-up||Champions League qualificafion||Europa League qualification||Zarra Trophy|
Statistics and records
- Associates: 44,171
- Official fans groups: 452
- Budget: €101,940,138 (2018–19 season).
- TV income: €71,000,000 (2016–17 season)
- Seasons in La Liga: all.
- Best position in La Liga: 1st (8 times)
- Worst position in La Liga: 17th (once)
- Historical position in the ranking of La Liga: 5th
- Best position in UEFA Champions League / European Cup: Quarter-finals (1956–57)
- Best position in UEFA Europa League / UEFA Cup: Runners-up (1976–77, 2011–12)
- Entries in UEFA competitions: 32 (as of 2017–18 season)
- Most goals scored in one match home: Athletic 12 – Barcelona 1 (1930–31).
- Most goals scored in one match away: Osasuna 1 – Athletic 8 (1958–59).
- Most goals scored in one match in Copa del Rey: Athletic 12 – Celta Vigo 1 (1946–47)
- Most goals scored in one match in European competitions: Standard Liège 1 – Athletic 7 (2004–05).
- Top scorer of club history: Telmo Zarra (367 goals)
- Most games played: José Ángel Iribar (614 matches)
- Most titles won by the club: Guillermo Gorostiza (15 titles)
- Youngest player to debut (amateur): Domingo Acedo (16 years old)
- Youngest player to debut (professional): Iker Muniain (16 years old)
- Youngest goalscorer (amateur): Domingo Acedo (16 years old)
- Youngest goalscorer (professional): Iker Muniain (16 years old)
- Oldest player to retire: Armando Ribeiro (39 years old)
- Oldest goalscorer: Aritz Aduriz (38 years old)
- Most expensive player signing: Iñigo Martínez (signed in 2018 for €32M from Real Sociedad)
- Most expensive player sold: Kepa Arrizabalaga (sold in 2018 for €80M to Chelsea)
- Together with Real Madrid and Barcelona, Athletic is one of only three teams to have contested all editions of La Liga, without ever having been relegated.
- In the 1929–30 season, finished the league unbeaten after 18 games.
- Has the record for the biggest win in La Liga (12–1 to Barcelona, in 1931).
- Has the record for the biggest win in Copa del Rey (12–1 to Celta Vigo, in 1947).
- Has the record for the biggest win away to Real Madrid (0–6 in Santiago Bernabéu), Barcelona (0–6 in Camp Nou), Espanyol (1–5) and Osasuna (1–8).
- Telmo Zarra is the only player in the history of La Liga to be top scorer six times.
- Zarra is the top scorer in the history of Copa del Rey (81 goals).
- Gaínza has the record of most goals scored in a single La Liga match (8 goals).
- Zarra holds the record for most goals in a Copa del Rey final (4 goals).
- Name: San Mamés
- Nickname: La Catedral (The Cathedral)
- City: Bilbao
- Opened: September 2013
- Capacity: 53,289
- Beginning construction: 25 May 2010.
- End construction (partial): September 2013.
- End construction (total): August 2014.
- Pitch size: 105 m × 68 m (344 ft × 223 ft)
- Sports Facilities: Lezama
The Lezama Facilities is the complex where all of the categories of Athletic train. It was opened in the 1971–72 season, under the presidency of Felix Oráa. At present, facilities include, inter alia, five natural grass fields, a gymnasium, a pediment, a medical center and a residence for young players. Lezama has undergone remodeling since 1995 under the presidency of José María Arrate with the construction of new roads and parking entry and exit able to absorb the large number of vehicles that come every day, and a platform cover bringing greater convenience to fans attending the matches of the youth teams and other youth football teams.
The Board has given the green light to the so-called "Lezama Master Plan"[when?], which was founded with the purpose of modernizing the structures of both the youth teams and first team. The "Plan" is the result of a rigorous study of the basic needs for the future of the Athletic Club. The work will take place over the course of two to three years and its budget is around €12 million. The Club is committed to consolidate its cantera structure, which is the basis for the future of the Club and in this regard Lezama will be expanded to classrooms for youth work in the lower categories and create an audiovisual department.
- Bilbao Athletic – B team in Segunda División B
- CD Basconia – affiliate team for under-20 players in Tercera División
- Athletic Bilbao cantera – youth system up to 19 years, in leagues including División de Honor Juvenil
- Athletic Bilbao (women) – women's team in the Primera División Femenino
- List of Athletic Bilbao records and statistics
- One Club Award – an annual award organised by Athletic that honours players who only represented one club over the course of their career.
- Politics and sports
- "About the club". Athletic Bilbao. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
- "UEFA EURO 2020 Evaluation Report" (PDF). Uefa.com. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- "Philosophy: What is it". Athletic Bilbao. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
- "Virtues and consequences of being a club fielding only homegrown talent". Athletic Bilbao. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
- The Athletic Club cycling section, Athletic Bilbao, 5 September 2019
- Edgerton, Paul. (2009). William Garbutt. The father of Italian football. Cheltenham, England: Sportsbooks Ltd. pp. 117–124. ISBN 978-1899807826.
- Ball, Phil (2001). Morbo: the story of Spanish football (p.37). WSC Books Limited. ISBN 9780954013462.
- "Are Bilbao about to bow out?". The Guardian. 4 December 2006. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
- "Presunto amaño en el Athletic-Levante de hace dos temporadas" [Alleged match-fixing in Athletic-Levante two seasons ago]. Marca (in Spanish). 3 December 2008. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
- "El Barça se corona por aplastamiento" [Barça crowned in a crushing]. Marca (in Spanish). 13 May 2009. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- Josu Urrutia confirma a Marcelo Bielsa como su entrenador si es presidente (Josu Urrutia confirms Marcelo Bielsa as his manager if he is president); Cadena SER, 30 June 2011 (in Spanish)
- Bielsa: "Hay una proporción adecuada entre esfuerzo y creatividad" (Bielsa: "The proportion between effort and creativity is just right"); Marca, 7 July 2011 (in Spanish)
- Atkin, John (9 May 2012). "Falcao at double as Atlético march to title". UEFA.com. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- "Barcelona end Guardiola era with Copa del Rey win over Athletic Bilbao". The Guardian. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- "Llorente unveiled as a Juve player". Football España. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- "Herrera pays release clause". athletic-club.net (Athletic Bilbao). 26 June 2014. Archived from the original on 30 June 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- "Club statement on Ander Herrera". Manchester United F.C. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- "Aduriz relishing Athletic's group stage adventure". UEFA.com. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- "San José shows way for Athletic at Shakhtar". UEFA.com. 25 November 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- "Lionel Messi stars as Barcelona win Copa Del Rey final against Athletic Bilbao". Eurosport. 30 May 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- "Barcelona thrashed 4–0 by Bilbao". BBC Sport. 14 August 2015. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "Barcelona lose Spanish Super Cup to Athletic Bilbao". BBC Sport. 17 August 2015. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "Ernesto Valverde will not continue as premier team coach". official website. Athletic Bilbao. 23 May 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- "José Ángel Ziganda, Athletic Club's new manager". official website. Athletic Bilbao. 24 May 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "Goodbye to the cup". Athletic Bilbao. 29 November 2017. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- "Formentera loss plunges Athletic into crisis". Marca. 30 November 2017. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- "El fantasma del bienio negro ronda San Mamés" [The ghost of the black biennium around San Mamés]. El País (in Spanish). 7 November 2018. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
- "Replacement of Eduardo Berizzo". Athletic Bilbao. 4 December 2018. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
- Sevilla 2-0 Athletic Club: the European dream comes to an end, Inside Athletic Club, 18 May 2019
- Athletic Sending A Message With The Best Start To The Season In 26 Years, Inside Athletic Club, 23 September 2019
- Barcelona crisis grows as Athletic Bilbao knock them out of Copa del Rey, The Guardian, 6 February 2020
- Copa del Rey: Athletic Bilbao beat Granada to set up all-Basque final with Sociedad, BBC Sport, 5 March 2020
- Lowe, Sid (3 April 2021). "Real Sociedad beat Athletic to claim Copa del Rey and Basque glory". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
- Bell, Arch (17 January 2021). "Williams sinks Barcelona and Athletic claim the Supercopa". Marca. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
- Athletic Bilbao: Basque club facing two Copa del Rey finals in two weeks, Alex Bysouth, BBC Sport, 2 April 2021
- "Blackburn Rovers". Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- "Southampton". Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- "Manuel Garnica, the "Saint" who scored a goal with Athletic" [Manuel Garnica, el “Santo” que metió un gol con el Athletic]. Memorias del Fútbol Vasco (Memories of Basque Football) (in Spanish). 30 March 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- "Athletic-Atlético, historia de dos parientes" [Athletic-Atlético, history of two relatives]. ABC (in Spanish). 8 May 2012. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- "Athletic de Madrid 1910-11". Equipos de Fútbol (Football Teams) (in Spanish). 13 July 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- Agiriano, Jon (6 January 2010). "Los Colores del Siglo" [The colours of the century]. El Correo (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 February 2011.
- "Camisetas Inglesas (In Spanish)" (PDF). Athletic Club. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 December 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2011.
- La estrenan mañana Archived 20 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Deia daily, 30 November 2004.
- El Athletic firma con Petronor un acuerdo para lucir publicidad en su camiseta por 2 millones de euros, Europa Press, 29 July 2008.
- A crest with history Athletic Club official website, 10 June 2021
- "Team 2020-21". Athletic Club. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
- "Presidents history". Athletic Bilbao. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- "Aitor Elizegi, new president of Athletic Club". Athletic Bilbao. 27 December 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
- "Current directors". Athletic Bilbao. Archived from the original on 29 November 2018. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- "Institutional information". Athletic Bilbao. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- (PDF). 5 December 2010 https://web.archive.org/web/20101205110837/http://www.athletic-club.net/pdfsrevista/234.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 December 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2018. Missing or empty
- "Acuerdo con Umbro". Athletic-club.net. Archived from the original on 27 February 2009. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
- "Agreement between Athletic and New Balance". official website. Athletic Bilbao. 22 May 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "Spain – Cup 1902". Rsssf.com. 15 September 2000. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- "La FEF no reconocerá al Barça la Liga del año 37" [The FEF will not recognize Barça's League in 1937]. Diario AS (in Spanish). 3 April 2009. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
- "Spanish Cup Winners". Rsssf.com. Archived from the original on 2 January 2010. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
- Goals scored in all competitions.
- "Classic club: Athletic Bilbao". FIFA. Archived from the original on 15 September 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
- Ranking of La Liga
- "Muniain se cita con la historia" [Muniain has an appointment with history]. Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 30 July 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- "Iker Muniain, con 16 años, se convierte en el segundo jugador más joven en debutar con el Athletic" [Iker Muniain, 16, becomes the second youngest player to debut with Athletic]. Europa Press (in Spanish). 31 July 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- "Iker Muniain, el jugador más joven en debutar con el Athletic" [Iker Muniain, the youngest player to debut for Athletic]. El Correo (in Spanish). 20 July 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- "Los 15 jugadores más veteranos de la Liga: Valerón estará en la lista" [The 15 most veteran players of the League: Valerón will be on the list]. El Confidencial (in Spanish). 23 June 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- "Aduriz, el jugador más veterano en marcar con el Athletic en Liga" [Aduriz, the oldest player to score with Athletic in the League]. Marca (in Spanish). 10 December 2017. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
- "Iñigo Martínez signing". Athletic Bilbao. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Athletic Bilbao sign Inigo Martinez to replace Aymeric Laporte". Goal.com. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- "Kepa Arrizabalaga: Chelsea sign Athletic Bilbao goalkeeper in world record deal". BBC Sport. 8 August 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
- "Athletic Club Records". Athletic-club.net. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
- The number of Copa del Rey wins Athletic Club have been credited with is disputed. The 1902 Copa de la Coronación was won by Club Bizcaya, a team made up of players from Athletic Club and Bilbao FC. In 1903 these two clubs merged as Athletic Club and took part in the first official Copa del Rey in 1903. The 1902 trophy is on display in the Athletic museum and the club includes it in its own honours list. However the LFP and RFEF official statistics do not regard this as an official edition of the Copa del Rey won by Athletic.
- Cup awarded automatically as the club won both the Copa del Rey and La Liga.
- The "Eva Duarte Cup" competition was the predecessor of the current "Spanish Supercup", with the league champion meeting the winner of the "Copa del Generalísimo".