Atjeh-class cruiser


The Atjeh class was a class of unprotected cruisers of the Royal Netherlands Navy. The class comprised Atjeh, Tromp, Koningin Emma der Nederlanden, De Ruyter, Van Speyk and Johan Willem Friso.

Tromp
Class overview
Name: Atjeh class
Builders: Rijkswerf, Amsterdam
Operators:  Royal Netherlands Navy
In commission: 1877–1908
Completed: 6
Scrapped: 6
General characteristics
Type: Unprotected cruiser
Displacement: 3,425 tons
Length: 93.05 m (305 ft 3 in)
Beam: 12.497 m (41 ft 0 in)
Draught: 6.706 m (22 ft 0 in)
Propulsion: 2,500 kW (3,300 hp)
Speed: 14 knots (26 km/h)
Complement: 306
Armament:
  • 6 × 6.7 in (17 cm) (6 × 1)
  • 8 × 4.7 in (12 cm) (8 × 1)

Design


The ships of the class were 92.05 metres (302 ft 0 in) long, had a beam of 12.497 metres (41 ft 0 in), a draught of 6.706 metres (22 ft 0 in), and had a displacement of 3,425 ton. The ships were equipped with reciprocating engines, which were rated at 2,500 kW (3,300 ihp) and produced a top speed of 14 knots (26 km/h).

The ships were armed with six 170 mm (6.7 in) guns and eight single 120 mm (4.7 in) guns.

Construction


All 8 ships were laid down at the Rijkswerf in Amsterdam and launched between 1876 and 1886.2 were never completed and destroyed in yard fire 1883.[1]

Name Laid down[1] Launched[1] Commissioned Fate
Atjeh 3 March 1875 6 December 1876 1 November 1877 1899 decommissioned, 1906 rebuilt as accommodation ship, 1922 out of service
Tromp 23 August 1875 12 December 1877 1 September 1882 5 June 1902 decommissioned, 1904 sold for scrapping
Koningin Emma der Nederlanden 11 November 1876 20 January 1879 1 December 1880 to January 1879 named De Ruyter, 1900 decommissioned, 1908 accommodation ship, 14 May 1940 captured by German forces, sank 1942, salvaged and scuttled in 1943 [2]
De Ruyter 1879 22 September 1880 1 August 1885[3] 27 May 1899 decommissioned, 1900 sold for scrapping[3]
Van Speyk 9 February 1880 7 June 1882 1 March 1887 16 September 1897 decommissioned, 1904 accommodation ship, 1946 sold for scrapping[4]
Kortenaer 1881 Unlaunched, 20 June 1883 destroyed by fire in Amsterdam Rijkswerf
Doggersbank 5 August 1881 1882 20 June 1883 almost completed but destroyed by fire in Amsterdam Rijkswerf
Johan Willem Friso 22 October 1883 10 June 1886 1 February 1888 16 September 1897, scrapped 1899

Notes


  1. Staatsbegrooting voor het dienstjaar 1897, Bijlage A [2.-VI.-5.], p. 6
  2. "wrecksite.eu". Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  3. "deruyter.org". Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  4. "defensie.nl". Retrieved 9 March 2014.

References


  • Staatsbegrooting voor het dienstjaar 1897