Clement Attlee was invited by King George VI to form the Attlee ministry in the United Kingdom in July 1945, succeeding Winston Churchill as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. The Labour Party had won a landslide victory at the 1945 general election, and went on to enact policies of what became known as the post-war consensus, including the establishment of the welfare state and the nationalisation of some industries. The government's spell in office was marked by post-war austerity measures, the violent crushing of pro-independence and socialist movements in Malaya, Vietnam and Indonesia, the grant of independence to India, the engagement in the Cold War against Soviet Communism as well as the creation of the country's National Health Service (NHS).
|People and organisations|
|Prime Minister||Clement Attlee|
|Prime Minister's history||1945–1951|
|Deputy Prime Minister||Herbert Morrison|
|Total no. of members||243 appointments|
|Member party||Labour Party|
|Status in legislature||Majority|
|Opposition party||Conservative Party|
|Opposition leader||Winston Churchill|
|Outgoing election||1951 general election|
|Predecessor||Churchill caretaker ministry|
|Successor||Third Churchill ministry|
Attlee went on to win a narrow majority of five seats at the 1950 general election, forming the second Attlee ministry. Just twenty months after that election, Attlee called a new election for 25 October 1951 in an attempt to gain a larger majority, but was narrowly defeated by the Conservative Party.