Attorney General for England and Wales

Her Majesty's Attorney General for England and Wales, usually known as the attorney general, is one of the law officers of the Crown. The attorney general serves as the principal legal adviser to the Crown and the Government in England and Wales.[citation needed] The attorney general maintains the Attorney General's Office and currently attends Cabinet. The office is also concurrently held with that of Advocate General for Northern Ireland.[1]

Attorney General
for England and Wales
Suella Braverman

since 13 February 2020 (2020-02-13)
Attorney General's Office
StyleThe Right Honourable
Reports toPrime Minister of the United Kingdom
Secretary of State for Justice
AppointerThe Monarch
on advice of the Prime Minister
First holderWilliam de Boneville
DeputySolicitor General for England and Wales

The position of attorney general has existed since at least 1243, when records show a professional attorney was hired to represent the King's interests in court. The position first took on a political role in 1461 when the holder of the office was summoned to the House of Lords to advise the government there on legal matters. In 1673, the attorney general officially became the Crown's adviser and representative in legal matters, although still specialising in litigation rather than advice. The beginning of the twentieth century saw a shift away from litigation and more towards legal advice. Today, prosecutions are carried out by the Crown Prosecution Service and most legal advice to government departments is provided by the Government Legal Service, both under the supervision of the attorney general.

The job of the Attorney General is highly demanding, and Sir Patrick Hastings wrote while serving that "to be a law officer is to be in hell".[2] Duties include superintending the Crown Prosecution Service, the Serious Fraud Office, and other government lawyers with the authority to prosecute cases. Additionally, the Attorney General superintends the Government Legal Department (formerly the Treasury Solicitor's Department), HM Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate and the Service Prosecuting Authority. The Attorney General advises the government, individual government departments and individual government ministers on legal matters, answering questions in Parliament and bringing "unduly lenient" sentences and points of law to the Court of Appeal of England and Wales. As per the passing of the Law Officers Act 1997, duties can be delegated to the Solicitor General, and any actions are treated as if they came from the Attorney General.

The corresponding shadow minister is the Shadow Attorney General for England and Wales, and the work of the attorney general is also scrutinised by the Justice Select Committee.[3]