Australian nationality law
Australian nationality law details the conditions in which a person holds Australian nationality. The primary law governing nationality regulations is the Australian Citizenship Act 2007, which came into force on 1 July 2007. Regulations apply to all states and territories of Australia.
|Australian Citizenship Act 2007|
|Parliament of Australia|
|Citation||No. 20 of 2007|
|Enacted by||House of Representatives|
|Enacted||1 March 2007 (with amendments from the Senate)|
|Enacted||26 February 2007|
|Royal assent||15 March 2007|
|Commenced||1 July 2007|
|Administered by||Department of Home Affairs|
|Bill introduced in the House of Representatives||Australian Citizenship Bill 2005|
|Introduced by||John Cobb|
|First reading||9 November 2005|
|Second reading||31 October–28 November 2006|
|Third reading||28 November 2006|
|Bill introduced in the Senate||Australian Citizenship Bill 2006|
|Introduced by||Ian Campbell|
|First reading||30 November 2006|
|Second reading||7–26 February 2007|
|Third reading||26 February 2007|
|Australian Citizenship Act 1948|
All persons born in Australia before 20 August 1986 were automatically citizens at birth regardless of the nationalities of their parents. Individuals born in the country after that date receive Australian citizenship at birth if at least one of their parents is an Australian citizen or permanent resident. Foreign nationals may be granted citizenship after living in the country for at least four years while holding permanent residency and showing proficiency in the English language.
Australia is composed of several former British colonies founded in the 18th and 19th centuries whose residents were British subjects. After federation as a Dominion within the British Empire in 1901, Australia was granted more autonomy over time and gradually became independent from the United Kingdom. While Australian citizens are no longer British, they continue to hold favoured status when residing in the UK; as Commonwealth citizens, Australians are eligible to vote in UK elections and serve in public office there.