Autonomous Republic of Crimea

The Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Ukrainian: Автономна Республіка Крим, Avtonomna Respublika Krym; Russian: Автономная Республика Крым, Avtonomnaya Respublika Krym; Crimean Tatar: Qırım Muhtar Cumhuriyeti) is de jure an autonomous republic of Ukraine encompassing most of Crimea that was annexed by Russia in 2014.

Autonomous Republic of Crimea
  • Автономна Республіка Крим
  • Автономная Республика Крым
  • Qırım Muhtar Cumhuriyeti
Motto: 
"Процветание в единстве" (Russian)
Protsvetaniye v yedinstve  (transliteration)
Prosperity in Unity
Anthem: 
"Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина" (Russian)
Nivy i gory tvoi volshebny, Rodina  (transliteration)
Your fields and mountains are magical, Motherland
Location of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (red)

in Ukraine (light yellow)

Location of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (light yellow)

in the Crimean Peninsula

StatusGovernment in exile
Capital
and largest city
Simferopol
Official languagesUkrainian, Russian, Crimean Tatar
Ethnic groups
(2001)
Country Ukraine
GovernmentAutonomous republic
Anton Korynevych
Establishment
 Autonomy
12 February 1991
21 October 1998
20 February 2014[nb 1]
18 March 2014[2]
Area
 Total
26,100 km2 (10,100 sq mi)
Population
 2001 census
2,033,700
 Density
77.9/km2 (201.8/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeUA-43
Collage of Crimean culture

In February 2014, following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution that ousted the Ukrainian president, Viktor Yanukovych, pro-Russian separatists and Russian troops took control over the territory.[3] A controversial Crimea-wide referendum, unconstitutional under the Ukrainian and Crimean constitutions,[4][5][6] was held on the issue of becoming part of Russia which official results indicated was supported by the overwhelming majority of Crimeans who voted.[7][8] Russia formally annexed Crimea on 18 March 2014, incorporating the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol as the 84th and 85th federal subjects of Russia.[9] While Russia and 17 other UN member states recognize Crimea as part of the Russian Federation, Ukraine continues to claim Crimea as an integral part of its territory, supported by most foreign governments and United Nations General Assembly Resolution 68/262.[10]