Autonomous regions of China

The autonomous regions (Chinese: 自治区; pinyin: Zìzhìqū) are the highest-level administrative divisions of China. Like Chinese provinces, an autonomous region has its own local government, but under Chinese law, an autonomous region has more legislative rights, such as the right to "formulate self-government regulations and other separate regulations."[1] An autonomous region is the highest level of minority autonomous entity in China, which has a comparably higher population of a particular minority ethnic group.

Autonomous regions
CategoryUnitary state
Location People's Republic of China
Number5 (Guangxi, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Xinjiang, and Xizang)
Guangxi – 50,126,804
Nei Mongol – 24,049,155
Ningxia – 7,202,654
Xinjiang – 25,852,345
Xizang – 3,648,100
Areas4,380,000 km2 (1,690,000 sq mi)
Guangxi – 237,600 km2 (91,700 sq mi)
Nei Mongol – 1,183,000 km2 (457,000 sq mi)
Ningxia – 66,400 km2 (25,600 sq mi)
Xinjiang – 1,665,000 km2 (643,000 sq mi)
Xizang – 1,228,000 km2 (474,000 sq mi)

The autonomous regions are the creations of the People's Republic of China (PRC), as they are not recognized by the Republic of China (ROC) based in Taiwan, which previously ruled Mainland China before the PRC's establishment in 1949.

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