Ayr

Ayr (/ɛər/; Scots: Ayr; Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Àir, "Mouth of the River Ayr") is a town situated on the southwest coast of Scotland. It is the administrative centre of the South Ayrshire council area and the historic county town of Ayrshire. With a population of 46,982 Ayr is the 16th largest settlement in Scotland and second largest town in Ayrshire by population. The town is contiguous with the smaller town of Prestwick to the north.

Ayr
Administrative centre and town

From top, left to right: Ayr town centre and River Ayr, Ayr Town Hall, Town Centre, Burns Cottage in Alloway, Wallace Tower, Place De Saint-Germain-en-Laye fountain, University of the West of Scotland Ayr campus

Coat of Arms of Ayr
Ayr
Location within South Ayrshire Council area
Ayr
Location within Scotland
Ayr
Location within South Ayrshire
Population46,260 (mid-2020 est.)[3]
Urban62,270
OS grid referenceNS 33853 21445
 Edinburgh66 mi (106 km)
 London330 mi (530 km)
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townAYR
Postcode districtKA6-KA8
Dialling code01292
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
Councillors
Conservatives (4)
  • Ian Davis
  • Martin Dowey
  • Mary Kilpatrick
  • Lee Lyons

SNP (4)
  • Laura Brennan-Whitefield
  • George Weir
  • Mark Dixon
  • Chris Cullen

Labour (2)
  • Ian Cavana
  • Brian McGinley

Independent (1)
  • Bob Shields
List of places
UK
Scotland
55.458°N 4.629°W / 55.458; -4.629

Ayr was established as a Royal Burgh in 1205 and is the county town of Ayrshire. It served as Ayrshire's central marketplace and harbour throughout the Medieval Period[4] and was a well-known port during the Early Modern Period.[4]

On the southern bank of the River Ayr sits the ramparts of a citadel constructed by Oliver Cromwell's men during the mid-17th century. Towards the south of the town is the birthplace of Scottish poet Robert Burns in the suburb of Alloway. Ayr has been a popular tourist resort since the expansion of the railway in 1840 owing to the town's fine beach and its links to golfing and Robert Burns.

Ayr is one of the largest retail centres in the south of Scotland and was recognised as the second healthiest town centre in the United Kingdom by the Royal Society for Public Health in 2014. Ayr has hosted the Scottish Grand National horseracing steeplechase annually since 1965 and the Scottish International Airshow annually since 2014. The town also accommodates the headquarters of the Ayr Advertiser and Ayrshire Post newspapers.

Notable people should also include Alex Bell 1882-1934 footballer Ayr Parkhouse and Manchester United.


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