Azeffoun


Azeffoun, the classical Rusazus and colonial Port Gueydon, is a town and commune in Tizi Ouzou Province in northern Algeria, located on Cape Corbelin 64 km (40 mi) north-east of Tizi Ouzou.[4] The economy of the town of Azeffoun is based on tourism, fishing, and agriculture.

Azeffoun
Commune and town
Azeffoun
Coordinates: 36°54′N 04°25′E
Country Algeria
ProvinceTizi Ouzou Province
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Cap Corbelin Lighthouse
Constructed1905[1]
Foundationmasonry base
Constructionmasonry tower
Tower height16 m (52 ft)[1]
Tower shapecylindrical rower with balcony and lantern[2]
Markingswhite tower, grey lantern
OperatorOffice Nationale de Signalisation Maritime
Focal height42 m (138 ft) 
Light sourcemain power
Range22 nmi (41 km; 25 mi)[1]
CharacteristicFl (2+1) WR 15s.[3]
Admiralty no.E6580 
NGA no.113-22340
ARLHS no.ALG009 

Geography


The area of the municipality of Azeffoun is 126.66 km2 (49 sq mi). Mount Tamgout, the cliffs to its south, rise about 500 m (1,600 ft). It had a population of 16,096 inhabitants in 1998 and 17,435 inhabitants in 2008.

Azeffoun is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the north, the town of Aït Chafâa on the east, and the common Akerrou, Aghrib in the south and Iflissen in the west. The town is located 64 km (40 mi) north-east of Tizi Ouzou and 83 km (52 mi) western of Bejaia.

Villages in the commune of Azeffoun

  • Iagachene
  • Tiouidiouine
  • At Rhuna (Ait Rhouna)
  • Cheurfa
  • At Lḥusin (Ait Lhocine)
  • Iḥanucen (Ihanouchene)
  • Tazaɣart (Tazaghart)
  • Amriɣ (Amrigh)
  • At Sidi Yeḥya (Ait Sidi Yahia)
  • Nath Ouaissa (Ait Ouaissa)
  • Mlaṭa Iɛeggacen (M'latta Iagachene)
  • Mlaṭa (Mlatta cité)
  • Isumaten (Issoumatene)
  • Zituna (Zitouna)
  • Tiza
  • Lxibya (El Khibia)
  • At Yillul (Ait Illoul)
  • Kanis
  • Tala Ḥadid
  • Iɛbac (Iabache)
  • Tagemunt n Yeɛbac (Taguemount Iâvache)
  • Ɛcuba (Achouba)
  • At Warẓiq (Ait Ouarzik)
  • At Wandlus (Ait Ouandelous)
  • Tifrest
  • At Naɛim (Ait Naiem)
  • Ijanaten (Idjanaten)
  • Qirya (Kiria)
  • Azeffun
  • Bezerqa (Bezerka)
  • Iḥemziwen (Ihamziouene)
  • Iberhuten (Iberhoutene)
  • Imuluden (Imouloudene)
  • Tagemunt n Wedrar (Taguemount Boudrar)
  • Lqelɛa (El Kelâa)
  • Tidmimin
  • Ɣerru (Gherrou)
  • Iɣil Leɣzel (Ighil Leghzel)
  • Taẓebbujt n Tiza (Tazebojt n Tiza)
  • Imidiqsen (Imidiksen)
  • Laɛzib Saḥel (Lazib Sahel)
  • Agni n Riḥan (Agouni n Rihane)
  • Taɛinṣert (Taincert)
  • Tifezwin (Tifezouine)
  • Timluka (Timlouka)
  • Aɣulid (Aghoulid)
  • Sidi Qurci (Sidi Korchi)
  • Cote Bitar
  • Ait chaffa
  • Tafraout
  • Ighil Mehni
  • Jemha
  • Tagarcifth

History


The Phoenicians and Carthaginians established a fortress south of Cape Corbelin as part of their chain of colonies between the Strait of Gibraltar and their homelands. They named the cape and its settlement RŠZ (Phoenician: 𐤓𐤔𐤆, "Cape of the Fort").[5]

The town fell under Roman hegemony after the Punic Wars. Under Augustus, the town was notionally refounded as a Roman colony, receiving the name Rusazus Colonia Augusti to honor its imperial benefactor.[5] The Roman-era bishopric continues as a Catholic titular see.[6]

Under colonial rule, Port Gueydonnamed after a French admiral and colonial administratorwas built on a nearby hillside in the last third of the 19th century.

Personalities linked to the commune


  • Taleb Abderahmane
  • Tahar Djaout
  • Fellag
  • Ali Haddad
  • Hadj M'hamed El-Anka
  • Hadj M'Rizek
  • Boudjemaâ El Ankis
  • Mohamed Iguerbouchène
  • M'hamed Issiakhem
  • Mohamed Ifticene
  • Abderrahmane Aziz
  • Bachir Hadj Ali
  • Ahcéne Lalmas
  • Younes Ifticene
  • Mohamed Hilmi
  • Said Hilmi
  • Hnifa Boualem Chaker
  • Abdelkader Chercham
  • Abderrahmane Lounés
  • Rouiched
  • El Hadj-Said Oulmaghechthoum
  • Hamid Tagziria
  • Rouiched

See also


References


Citations

  1. "Cap Corbelin". Office Nationale de Signalisation Maritime. Ministere des Travaux Publics. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  2. Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Eastern Algeria". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  3. List of Lights, Pub. 113: The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2015.
  4. "Communes of Algeria". Statoids. Archived from the original on 29 November 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
  5. Huss (2006).
  6. Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 960

Bibliography

  • Huss, Werner (2006), "Rusazus", Brill's New Pauly Encyclopedia of the Ancient World, Leiden: Brill.