Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic

Azerbaijan[lower-alpha 1] (Azerbaijani: Азәрбајҹан, romanized: Azərbaycan), officially the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (Azerbaijan SSR; Azerbaijani: Азәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист Республикасы, romanized: Azərbaycan Sovet Sosialist Respublikası; Russian: Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика [АзССР], romanized: Azerbaydzhanskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika [AzSSR]), also referred to as Soviet Azerbaijan, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union between 1922 and 1991. Created on 28 April 1920 when the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic brought pro-Soviet figures to power in the region, the first two years of the Azerbaijani SSR were as an independent country until incorporation into the Transcausasian SFSR, along with the Armenian SSR and the Georgian SSR.

Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic
  • Азәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист Республикасы (Azerbaijani)
  • Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика (Russian)
1920–1922
1936–1991
Motto: Бүтүн өлкәләрин пролетарлары, бирләшин! (Azerbaijani)
Bütün ölkələrin proletarları, birləşin! (transliteration)
"Proletarians of all countries, unite!"
Anthem: (1920-1922)
Azərbaycan marşı
(1944–1991)
Азәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист Республикасынын Һимни
Azərbaycan Sovet Sosialist Respublikasının Himni
"Anthem of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic"
Location of Azerbaijan (red) within the Soviet Union
StatusIndependent state (1920–1922)
Part of the Transcaucasian SFSR (1922–1936)
Union republic (1936–1991)
De facto sovereign entity (1989–1991)
CapitalBaku
Common languagesOfficial languages:
Azerbaijani · Russian
Minority languages:
Armenian · Lezgin
Religion
State atheism
Demonym(s)Azerbaijani
Soviet
Government
Leader 
 1920
Mirza Davud Huseynov (first)
 1990–1991
Ayaz Mutallibov (last)
Premier 
 1920–1922
Nariman Narimanov (first)
 1990–1991
Hasan Hasanov (last)
LegislatureSupreme Soviet
History 
 Republic proclaimed
28 April 1920
 Becomes part of the Transcaucasian SFSR
30 December 1922
 Re-established
5 December 1936
 Sovereignty declared
23 September 1989
19–20 January 1990
5 February 1991
 Independence declared
30 August 1991
 Independence completed
26 December 1991
Area
198986,600 km2 (33,400 sq mi)
Population
 1989
7,037,867
CurrencySoviet ruble (руб) (SUR)
Calling code7 892/895
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
Republic of Mountainous Armenia
Transcaucasian SSR
Azerbaijan
Republic of Artsakh

In December 1922, the Transcaucasian SFSR became part of the newly established Soviet Union. The Constitution of Azerbaijan SSR was approved by the 9th Extraordinary All-Azerbaijani Congress of Soviets on 14 March 1937. On 5 February 1991, Azerbaijan SSR was renamed the Republic of Azerbaijan according to the Decision No.16-XII of Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan approving the Decree of the President of Azerbaijan SSR dated 29 November 1990,[2] remaining in the USSR for another period before its independence in October 1991. The Constitution of the Azerbaijan SSR ceased to exist in 1995, upon the adoption of the new Constitution of Azerbaijan.