Baalbek

Baalbek[lower-alpha 1] (/ˈbɑːlbɛk, ˈbəlbɛk/;[5] Arabic: بعلبك, romanized: Baʿlabakk, Syriac-Aramaic: ܒܥܠܒܟ) is a city located east of the Litani River in Lebanon's Beqaa Valley, about 67 km (42 mi) northeast of Beirut. It is the capital of Baalbek-Hermel Governorate.[6] In Greek and Roman times Baalbek was also known as Heliopolis (Ἡλιούπολις, Greek for "Sun City"). In 1998 Baalbek had a population of 82,608, mostly Shia Muslims, followed by Sunni Muslims and Christians.[7]

Baalbek
بعلبك
Baalbek
Location in Lebanon
Coordinates: 34°0′22.81″N 36°12′26.36″E
GovernorateBaalbek-Hermel
DistrictBaalbek
Area
  City7 km2 (3 sq mi)
  Metro
16 km2 (6 sq mi)
Elevation
1,170 m (3,840 ft)
Population
  City82,608
  Metro
105,000
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)+3
CriteriaCultural: i, iv
Reference294
Inscription1984 (8th Session)

It is home to the Baalbek temple complex which includes two of the largest and grandest Roman temple ruins: the Temple of Bacchus and the Temple of Jupiter. It was inscribed in 1984 as an UNESCO World Heritage site.