Baalbek (/ /,; Arabic: بعلبك, romanized: Baʿlabakk, Syriac-Aramaic: ܒܥܠܒܟ) is a city located east of the Litani River in Lebanon's Beqaa Valley, about 67 km (42 mi) northeast of Beirut. It is the capital of Baalbek-Hermel Governorate. In Greek and Roman times Baalbek was also known as Heliopolis (Ἡλιούπολις, Greek for "Sun City"). In 1998 Baalbek had a population of 82,608, mostly Shia Muslims, followed by Sunni Muslims and Christians.
|• City||7 km2 (3 sq mi)|
|• Metro||16 km2 (6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,170 m (3,840 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||+3|
|Criteria||Cultural: i, iv|
|Inscription||1984 (8th Session)|
It is home to the Baalbek temple complex which includes two of the largest and grandest Roman temple ruins: the Temple of Bacchus and the Temple of Jupiter. It was inscribed in 1984 as an UNESCO World Heritage site.