Baja California Sur

Baja California Sur (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbaxa kaliˈfoɾnja ˈsuɾ] (listen); English: "South Lower California"), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Baja California Sur (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur), is the second-smallest Mexican state by population and the 31st admitted state of the 32 states which make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is also the ninth-largest Mexican state in terms of area.

Baja California Sur
Free and Sovereign State of Baja California Sur
Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur (Spanish)
Nickname(s): 
El Acuario Del Mundo
(The aquarium of the world)
Anthem: Canto a Baja California
Baja California Sur within Mexico
Coordinates: 25°51′N 111°58′W
CountryMexico
CapitalLa Paz
Municipalities5
Largest cityLa Paz
Admission8 October 1974[1]
Order31st
Government
  GovernorVíctor Manuel Castro Cosío ()
  Senators[2]Ricardo Velázquez Meza
Jesús Lucía Trasviña Waldenrath
María Guadalupe Saldaña Cisneros
  Deputies[3]
Area
  Total73,909 km2 (28,536 sq mi)
 Ranked 9th
Highest elevation2,080 m (6,820 ft)
Population
 (2020)[6]
  Total798,447 [7]
  Rank31st
  Density rank32nd
Demonym(s)Sudcaliforniano (a)
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST)
  Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
Postal code
23
Area code
ISO 3166 codeMX-BCS
HDI 0.811 Very High Ranked 2nd of 32
GDP$7 billion[a]
WebsiteOfficial Web Site
^ a. The state's GDP was 50,785,641 thousands of pesos in 2006,[8] amount corresponding to 3,967,628.2 thousands of dollars (one USD=12,80 pesos as of 3 June 2010).[9]

Before becoming a state on 8 October 1974, the area was known as the El Territorio Sur de Baja California ("South Territory of Lower California"). It has an area of 73,909 km2 (28,536 sq mi), or 3.57% of the land mass of Mexico, and occupies the southern half of the Baja California Peninsula, south of the 28th parallel, plus the uninhabited Rocas Alijos in the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered to the north by the state of Baja California, to the west by the Pacific Ocean, and to the east by the Gulf of California. The state has maritime borders with Sonora and Sinaloa to the east, across the Gulf of California.

The state is home to the tourist resorts of Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo. Its largest city and capital is La Paz.