Balikh River

The Balikh River (Arabic: نهر البليخ) is a perennial river that originates in the spring of Ain al-Arous near Tell Abyad in the Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests ecoregion. It flows due south and joins the Euphrates at the modern city of Raqqa. The Balikh is the second largest tributary to the Euphrates in Syria, after the Khabur River. It is an important source of water and large sections have recently been subjected to canalization.

Arabic: البليخ
Map (in French) of the Syro–Turkish part of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, with the Balikh shown in the center left
Basin areaTurkey
CitiesTell Abyad, Raqqa
Physical characteristics
SourceAin al-Arous
  coordinates36°40′13″N 38°56′24″E
  elevation350 m (1,150 ft)approx.
35°55′21″N 39°4′40″E
250 m (820 ft)approx.
Length100 km (62 mi)approx.
Basin size14,400 km2 (5,600 sq mi)
  locationAin al-Arous[1]
  average6 m3/s (210 cu ft/s)
  minimum5 m3/s (180 cu ft/s)
  maximum12 m3/s (420 cu ft/s)
Basin features
  leftJullab, Wadi al-Kheder
  rightWadi Qaramogh