Balkan Gagauz Turkish

Balkan Gagauz, or Rumelian Turkish, is a Turkic language spoken in European Turkey, in Dulovo and the Deliorman area in Bulgaria and in the Kumanovo and Bitola areas of North Macedonia.[2] Dialects include Gajal, Gerlovo Turk, Karamanli, Kyzylbash, Surguch, Tozluk Turk, Yuruk (Konyar, Yoruk), Prizren and Macedonian Gagauz. Although it is mutually intelligible with both Gagauz[2] and Turkish to a considerable degree, it is usually classified as a separate language due to foreign influences from neighboring languages spoken in the Balkans. The language is believed to have originated after the remaining Bulgar, Cuman, and Pecheneg tribes around the Balkans got influenced by Bulgarian, Byzantine and Ottoman rule.

Balkan Gagauz
Rumelian Turkish
Native toTurkey, Greece Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Serbia
Native speakers
460,000 (2019)[1]
Latin script,[citation needed] Cyrillic alphabet[citation needed]
Language codes
ISO 639-3bgx
ELPBalkan Gagauz Turkish

Balkan Turkish was recently given international prominence through the Oscar-nominated 2019 film Honeyland, in which the protagonist is an ethnic Macedonian Turk and mostly speaks in the local dialect throughout the film.


460,000 speakers in Turkey (cited 2019)[1] and 4,000 in North Macedonia (2018 est.)[3]