Banff and Buchan (UK Parliament constituency)
Banff and Buchan is a constituency of the House of Commons, located in the north-east of Scotland within the Aberdeenshire council area. It elects one Member of Parliament at least once every five years using the first-past-the-post system of voting.
|Banff and Buchan|
for the House of Commons
|Member of Parliament||David Duguid (Scottish Conservative Party)|
|Created from||Aberdeenshire East and Banffshire|
The seat has been held by David Duguid of the Scottish Conservative Party since 2017, prior to which the seat had been held by the Scottish National Party since 1987, with then-First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond representing the seat until 2010. In 2010, Eilidh Whiteford succeeded Salmond as the MP for Banff and Buchan, but the SNP vote share fell below 50% for the first time since 1992, due to a strong challenge by the Conservative Party. In the 2015 general election, the SNP achieved its best-ever result in the constituency, with Whiteford winning a 60.2% share of the vote and increasing her majority by more than 10,300 votes. In 2017, the constituency saw the second-largest swing to the Conservatives in all of Scotland (20.2%), bested only by the swing Colin Clark of the Conservatives achieved in defeating Alex Salmond in the neighbouring seat of Gordon (20.4%). At the 2019 general election, Banff and Buchan's Conservative vote share bucked the Scottish trend and increased by 2.1%, increasing Duguid’s majority to over 4,000 votes and taking over 50% of the vote share.
The Aberdeenshire council area as a whole voted against Scottish independence in 2014.
In the 2017 election there was a large swing from the SNP to the Conservatives, which observers attributed to anger at the SNP's opposition to Brexit and support for a second independence referendum. After the election, The Guardian reported that, "In the coastal town of Peterhead, locals at the Waverley hotel were toasting Salmond’s first defeat since being elected as an MP in 1987. Murdo MacKenzie, 51, a former fisherman, said there was a lot of anger about Sturgeon’s stance on Europe. “Europe is dictating our fishing quotas. I’ve voted SNP all my life but if you take the power away from Westminster and hand it to Brussels, how is that independence?””
1983–1997: Banff and Buchan District.
1997–2005: The Banff and Buchan District electoral divisions of Banff and Portsoy, Deveron, Fraserburgh North, Fraserburgh South, Mid Buchan, Peterhead North, Peterhead South, and Ugie, Cruden and Boddam.
2005–present: The Aberdeenshire Council wards of Durn, Banff West and Boyndie, Banff, Aberchirder, Macduff, Gamrie King Edward, Buchan North, Fraserburgh West, Fraserburgh North, Fraserburgh East, Fraserburgh South, Buchan North East, South Buchan, Central Buchan, Lonmay and St Fergus, Mintlaw Old Deer, Mintlaw Longside, Boddam Inverugie, Blackhouse, Buchanhaven, Peterhead Central Roanheads, Clerkhill, Dales Towerhill, Cruden, Turriff West, Turriff East, Upper Ythan, and Fyvie Methlick.
New boundaries were used for the 2005 general election, as recommended by the Fifth Periodical Report of the Boundary Commission for Scotland, and the constituency is now one of five covering the Aberdeenshire and Aberdeen City council areas. The Banff and Buchan constituency is entirely within the Aberdeenshire area, covering a northern portion of it. To the south, Gordon includes part of the Aberdeenshire area and part of the Aberdeen City area. Further south, West Aberdeenshire and Kincardine is entirely within the Aberdeenshire area and Aberdeen North and Aberdeen South are entirely within the Aberdeen City area.
Members of Parliament
|1987||Alex Salmond||Scottish National Party|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Alison Smith||2,280||5.4||+1.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Galen Milne||1,448||3.5||−1.6|
|Conservative gain from SNP||Swing||+20.2|
|Liberal Democrats||David Evans||2,347||5.1||−6.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Galen Milne||4,365||11.3||−2.0|
The swing of 10.6% to the Conservatives in Banff and Buchan was the largest swing in Scotland at the 2010 general election.
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Eleanor Anderson||4,952||13.3||-0.6|
|Christian Vote||Victor Ross||683||1.8||New|
|Scottish Socialist||Steve Will||412||1.1||−0.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Douglas Herbison||2,769||9.0||+3.0|
|Scottish Socialist||Alice Rowan||447||1.5||New|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Neil Fletcher||2,398||6.0||+0.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Rhona Kemp||2,588||5.6||−4.0|
Elections in the 1980s
|SNP gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.9|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- "'Banff and Buchan', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "Vote 2001 - Results & Constituencies: Banff & Buchan". BBC News. Retrieved 13 August 2011.
- "Aberdeenshire says 'No thanks' to independence". Fraserburgh Herald. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
- "Banff and Buchan". Democratic Dashboard. Archived from the original on 29 May 2021.
- Summers, Hannah (10 June 2017). "'The minute that Sturgeon talked about another referendum, that was it'". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 29 May 2021.
- Boundary Commission for Scotland website Archived September 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "General Election 2019". Aberdeenshire Council. Aberdeenshire Council. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
- "Banff & Buchan parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". Retrieved 2019-12-15.
- "Whiteford facing Tory candidate she knows from school days at General Election". Press and Journal. Aberdeen Journals.
- "General Election: SNP reselects 54 MPs". www.scotsman.com.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- http://www.aberdeenshire.gov.uk/elections/DeclarationofResult-BanffandBuchan.pdf%5B%5D 7 July 2015
- "Labour withdraws support from candidate facing drink drive charge". STV News. 24 April 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.