A barangay (//; abbreviated as Brgy. or Bgy.), historically referred to as barrio (abbreviated as Bo.), is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district, or ward. In metropolitan areas, the term often refers to an inner city neighborhood, a suburb, or a suburban neighborhood. The word barangay originated from balangay, a type of boat used by a group of Austronesian peoples when they migrated to the Philippines.
|Found in||Municipalities, cities, and barangay districts|
|Number||42,046 (as of 2020)|
|Populations||2 (Brgy. 76) – 261,729 (Bagong Silang)|
|Areas||0.14 ha (0.0014 km2) (Malusak) – 524.68 ha (5.2468 km2) (Bagong Silang)|
Municipalities and cities in the Philippines are subdivided into barangays, with the exception of the municipalities of Adams in Ilocos Norte and Kalayaan in Palawan, with each containing a single barangay. Barangays are sometimes informally subdivided into smaller areas called purok (English: "zone"), or barangay zones consisting of a cluster of houses for organizational purposes, and sitios, which are territorial enclaves—usually rural—far from the barangay center. As of March 2021[update], there are 42,046 barangays throughout the Philippines.