Basra

Basra (Arabic: ٱلْبَصْرَة, romanized: al-Baṣrah) is an Iraqi city located on the Shatt al-Arab. It had an estimated population of 1.4 million in 2018.[3] Basra is also Iraq's main port, although it does not have deep water access, which is handled at the port of Umm Qasr.

Basra
ٱلْبَصْرَة
City
Nickname(s): 
Venice of the East[1]
Basra
Location of Basra within Iraq
Basra
Basra (Persian Gulf)
Coordinates: 30°30′N 47°49′E
Country Iraq
GovernorateBasra Governorate
Founded636 AD
Government
  TypeMayor–council
  MayorAs'ad Al Eidani
Area
  City50−75 km2 (21 sq mi)
  Metro
181 km2 (70 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (2018)
  City1,326,564[2]
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)
Area code(s)(+964) 40
Websitehttp://www.basra.gov.iq/

The city is one of the ports from which the fictional Sinbad the Sailor journeyed. It played an important role in early Islamic history and was built in 636. Basra is consistently one of the hottest cities in Iraq, with summer temperatures regularly exceeding 50 °C (122 °F). In April 2017, the Iraqi Parliament recognized Basra as Iraq's economic capital.[4]