Bass clarinet

The bass clarinet is a musical instrument of the clarinet family. Like the more common soprano B clarinet, it is usually pitched in B (meaning it is a transposing instrument on which a written C sounds as B), but it plays notes an octave below the soprano B clarinet.[1] Bass clarinets in other keys, notably C and A, also exist, but are very rare (in contrast to the regular A clarinet, which is quite common in classical music). Bass clarinets regularly perform in orchestras, wind ensembles/concert bands, occasionally in marching bands, and play an occasional solo role in contemporary music and jazz in particular.

Bass clarinet

2 long B bass clarinets:
Buffet Crampon Prestige 1193 + Yamaha VCL 622 II
Woodwind instrument
Classification

woodwind instrument

Hornbostel–Sachs classification422.211.2-71
(Single-reeded aerophone with keys)
Playing range

Related instruments

Clarinet family

More articles or information
Tara Bouman playing bass clarinet
Four modern short bass clarinets, from left to right Leblanc L400, Signet Selmer 1430P, E. M. Winston, Leblanc 330S
2 historical short bass clarinets, on the right site made 1848 by Adolphe Sax from boxwood

Someone who plays a bass clarinet is called a bass clarinetist.[2]