Bastetani


The Bastetani or Bastuli were an ancient Iberian (pre-Roman) people of the Iberian peninsula (the Roman Hispania). They are believed to have spoken the Iberian language.[1] The relationship between the Iberian Bastetani and the Tartessian Mastieni (who lived in Mastia, on the southeastern coast of the peninsula) is not entirely clear.[2][3]

Bronze votive feminine figure of the Bastetani
Territory of the Bastetani

Their territory extended through the southeastern Iberian Peninsula, which currently encompasses southern Albacete, Almería, Granada, eastern Málaga, southeastern Jaén and western Murcia. Their main towns were located between Baria (present-day Villaricos) and Bailo (Cádiz), also including Malaka, Abdera, Sexi and Carteia.[3] Their capital was probably the city known as Basti by the Romans, which corresponds to present-day Baza.[3] The Lady of Baza, a famous Bastetani sculpture, was recovered from the necropolis of Basti in 1971.

See also


References


  1. Roman Archaeology Conference (1st : 1995 : University of Reading); Keay, S. J; Belén, María; Roman Archaeology Conference (1998), The Archaeology of early Roman Baetica, Journal of Roman Archaeology, ISBN 978-1-887829-29-8
  2. de Hoz, Javier (2010). Historia lingüística de la Península Ibérica en la Antigüedad: Preliminares y mundo meridional prerromano (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain: Editorial CSIC. p. 346. ISBN 9788400092764.
  3. Luis A. García Moreno, Mastienos y Bastetanos: un problema de la etnología hispana prerromana. 1990