Basutoland was a British Crown colony that existed from 1884 to 1966 in present-day Lesotho. Though the Basotho (then known as Basuto) and their territory had been under British control starting in 1868 (and ruled by Cape Colony from 1871), the Cape Colony was unpopular and unable to control the territory. As a result, Basutoland was brought under direct authority of Queen Victoria, via the High Commissioner, and run by an Executive Council presided over by a series of British Resident Commissioners.

Colony of Basutoland
Royal anthem: God Save the Queen (1884–1901; 1952–1966)
God Save the King (1901–1952)

StatusCrown Colony under partial local rule
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Resident Commissioner 
Marshal Clarke
Alexander Giles
Paramount Chief 
Letsie I
Lerotholi Letsie I
Letsie II
Nathaniel Griffith Lerotholi
Simon Seeiso Griffith
 1960–1966 (afterwards as King of Lesotho)
Moshoeshoe II
18 March 1884
4 October 1966
30,355 km2 (11,720 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Cape Colony
Today part ofLesotho

It was divided into seven administrative districts: Berea, Leribe, Maseru, Mohale's Hoek, Mafeteng, Qacha's Nek and Quthing.

Basutoland gained its independence from the United Kingdom on 4 October 1966 and was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho.

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Basutoland, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.