Batley and Spen (UK Parliament constituency)
|Batley and Spen|
for the House of Commons
|Population||107,899 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||80,110 (December 2019)|
|Major settlements||Batley, Cleckheaton, Birstall, Birkenshaw|
|Member of Parliament||Kim Leadbeater (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Batley and Morley, Brighouse and Spenborough and Dewsbury|
The area is in the rolling Pennines of West Yorkshire with considerable commerce, industry, retail and occupational trades. A lower percentage of social housing is present than the regional average, however most of the larger settlements have some social housing. The population in the district is ethnically diverse. Many of the towns in the Spen Valley have few residents from non-white heritage backgrounds ( Birstall, Birkenshaw, Cleckheaton, Liversedge and Gomersal, generally more suburban and Conservative areas, with the exception of Cleckheaton, which has Liberal Democrat councillors). Howevver, the constituency's largest town, Batley, has a sizeable number of residents with South Asian backgrounds, namely Pakistani (9.2%) and Indian (mostly Gujarati) (15.9%). Heckmondwike also has a well-established South Asian community with 16.9% residents having Pakistani heritage.
The results of the last fifty years show marginal majorities for Labour and for the Conservatives, and is considered to be part of the "red wall".
1983–1997: The Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees wards of Batley East, Batley West, Birstall and Birkenshaw, Cleckheaton, Heckmondwike, and Spen.
1997–2010: The Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees wards of Batley East, Batley West, Birstall and Birkenshaw, Cleckheaton, and Spen.
2010–present: The Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees wards of Batley East, Batley West, Birstall and Birkenshaw, Cleckheaton, Heckmondwike, and Liversedge and Gomersal.
The constituency was created in 1983 from parts of the seats of Batley and Morley, Brighouse and Spenborough and Dewsbury. This West Yorkshire constituency covers Batley, Birkenshaw, Birstall, Cleckheaton, East Bierley, Gomersal, Hunsworth, and Liversedge.
The seat did not exist in its present form before 1983. It has seen significant boundary changes since its creation – most notably those changes that took effect for the 1997 general election.
The seat swung in Labour's favour in the elections of 1997, 2001 and 2005 though the Conservatives reduced the Labour majority in 2010 with a swing below the national average.
The electoral ward of Heckmondwike (which includes part of Liversedge township) was considered part of the Spen Valley (although it was never included in the former Spenborough Urban district). Heckmondwike ward was for many years a Labour stronghold, but in the 2000s elected two BNP councillors. The BNP councillors were narrowly defeated by Labour in 2007 and 2008.
A by-election in 2016 occurred as a result of the murder of Jo Cox, the sitting MP. Cox died on 16 June 2016, after being shot and stabbed multiple times by a man associated with far-right organisations. The Conservative Party, Liberal Democrats, UK Independence Party and the Green Party all announced they would not contest the by-election as a mark of respect.
Another by-election occurred in 2021 following the resignation of the previous Member of Parliament (MP) Tracy Brabin, who was elected Mayor of West Yorkshire on 10 May. The 2021 by-election received considerable media attention due to expectations of a Labour loss following the earlier Hartlepool by-election and a high-profile and divisive campaign by George Galloway for the Workers Party of Britain. It was won by Jo Cox's sister, Kim Leadbeater, with a reduced majority.
Members of Parliament
|2016 by-election||Tracy Brabin||Labour Co-op|
|2021 by-election||Kim Leadbeater||Labour|
Elections in the 2020s
|Workers Party||George Galloway||8,264||21.9||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Tom Gordon||1,254||3.3||1.3|
|English Democrat||Thérèse Hirst||207||0.55||New|
|Monster Raving Loony||Howling Laud Hope||107||0.3||New|
|Alliance for Green Socialism||Mike Davies||104||0.3||New|
|Freedom Alliance||Jonathon Tilt||100||0.3||New|
|For Britain||Anne Marie Waters||97||0.3||New|
|Rejoin EU||Andrew Smith||75||0.2||New|
Elections in the 2010s
|Labour Co-op||Tracy Brabin||22,594||42.7||−12.8|
|Heavy Woollen District Independents||Paul Halloran||6,432||12.2||New|
|Liberal Democrats||John Lawson||2,462||4.7||+2.4|
|Brexit Party||Clive Minihan||1,678||3.2||New|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−5.0|
|Labour Co-op||Tracy Brabin||29,844||55.5||+12.3|
|Liberal Democrats||John Lawson||1,224||2.3||−2.4|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+2.3[a]|
a. ^ Swing is calculated from the 2015 election, not the 2016 by-election which was not contested by major parties. Aleks Lukic's vote change is in comparison to the 2015 election, when he stood as a UKIP candidate.
|Labour Co-op||Tracy Brabin||17,506||85.8||+42.6|
|English Democrat||Therese Muchewicz||969||4.8||New|
|English Independence||Corbyn Anti||241||1.2||New|
|Liberty GB||Jack Buckby||220||1.0||New|
|Independent||Waqas Ali Khan||118||0.6||New|
|National Front||Richard Edmonds||87||0.4||New|
|One Love||Ankit Love||34||0.2||New|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||John Lawson||2,396||4.7||−11.1|
|Patriotic Socialist||Karl Varley||53||0.1||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Neil Bentley||8,925||17.2||+1.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Neil Bentley||5,731||14.6||+4.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Kathryn Pinnock||3,989||10.3||+1.5|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Kathryn Pinnock||4,133||8.8||−1.7|
|Referendum||Ed O.C. Wood||1,691||3.6||New|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Gordon Beever||6,380||10.5||−3.8|
Elections in the 1980s
|Moderate Labour||Allan Harrison||689||1.2||New|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Batley and Spen: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 12 January 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- "Constituency data: electorates – House of Commons Library". Parliament UK. 15 June 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk.
- "Kirklees Census 2001". Kirklees Council. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- Steerpike. "Coming soon: the next red wall by-election". The Spectator. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
- Lavigueur, Nick (12 February 2017). "Which Kirklees constituency voted against Brexit?". YorkshireLive. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
- "Kirklees Election Results 2007". Kirklees Council. 2007. Retrieved 21 February 2009.
- "Kirklees Election Results 2008". Kirklees Council. 2008. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- Boyle, Danny (16 June 2016). "Labour MP Jo Cox dies after being shot and stabbed in her constituency near Leeds". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- Booth, Robert; Dodd, Vikram; Parveen, Nazia (16 June 2016). "Labour MP Jo Cox has died after being shot and stabbed". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- Cobain, Ian; Parveen, Nazia; Taylor, Matthew (23 November 2016). "The slow-burning hatred that led Thomas Mair to murder Jo Cox". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- Stone, Jon (17 June 2016). "Jo Cox death: Parties stand down in killed Labour MP's seat as Corbyn and Cameron call for unity". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- "Is Batley and Spen Labour's next by-election headache?". The Independent. 8 May 2021. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
- "West Yorkshire Mayoral election results". www.leeds.gov.uk. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
- Halliday, Josh; Mistlin, Alex (9 May 2021). "Labour's Tracy Brabin elected first mayor of West Yorkshire". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
- "West Yorkshire devolution deal". GOV.UK. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
- Al-Othman, Hannah (6 June 2021). "Batley and Spen by-election: are Muslim voters the next brick to crumble in Labour's red wall?". Sunday Times. London. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
- "Labour could lose a by-election over the issue of Palestine". The Economist. 26 June 2021. Archived from the original on 28 June 2021. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
- Drury, Colin (28 June 2021). "Batley and Spen by-election: Labour's Muslim vote collapsing as Palestine - and potholes - cause anger". The Independent. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
- "Jo Cox's sister, Labour candidate Kim Leadbeater, heckled and chased on campaign trail". The Independent. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
- Diver, Tony (25 June 2021). "Labour candidate in Batley and Spen by-election left 'intimidated' by anti-LGBT protester". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
- Blackall, Molly (26 June 2021). "Kim Leadbeater, sister of Jo Cox, chased and heckled on Batley and Spen by-election campaign trail". i. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
- "Batley and Spen by-election: Labour 'egged and kicked'". BBC News. 28 June 2021. Archived from the original on 28 June 2021. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
- "🗳️ UK Parliamentary by-election 🗳️ Batley and Spen constituency". Who Can I Vote For?.
- "Statement of persons nominated, notice of poll and situation of polling stations" (PDF). Kirklees Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2019. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
- "Batley & Spen parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
- "Candidates for Batley and Spen". Democracy Club Candidates.
- "Election battle begins in earnest". The Press.
- Kirklees Metropolitan Borough Council "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll"
- "Election results for Batley and Spen, 20 October 2016". 20 October 2016. Archived from the original on 22 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "Labour's Tracy Brabin wins Batley and Spen by-election following death of MP Jo Cox". The Independent. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Batley & Spen". BBC News. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "UK > England > Yorkshire & the Humber > Batley & Spen". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Archived from the original on 1 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.