Battersea (UK Parliament constituency)
Battersea is a constituency in the London Borough of Wandsworth. It has been represented since 2017 by Marsha de Cordova, who currently serves as Shadow Secretary of State for Women and Equalities.
for the House of Commons
|Population||106,709 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||73,028 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Marsha de Cordova (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Battersea North and Battersea South|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Battersea North and Battersea South|
|Created from||Mid Surrey|
The seat has had two periods of existence (1885-1918 and 1983 to date). In the first Parliament after the seat's re-creation it was Labour-represented, bucking the national result, thereafter from 1987 until 2017 the affiliation of the winning candidate was that of the winning party nationally – a 30-year bellwether.
1885–1918: Wards 2 and 3 of Battersea Parish, and that part of No. 4 Ward bounded on the south by Battersea Rise, and on the east by St John's Road.
1983–2010: The London Borough of Wandsworth wards of Balham, Fairfield, Latchmere, Northcote, Queenstown, St John, St Mary's Park and Shaftesbury.
St John Ward was abolished for the 2002 Wandsworth elections. St John was thus not in use at the next general election in 2005.
2010–present: The London Borough of Wandsworth wards of Balham, Fairfield, Latchmere, Northcote, Queenstown, St Mary's Park and Shaftesbury.
The seat covers the north-eastern third of the London Borough of Wandsworth. As drawn and redrawn since 1983, it includes central Wandsworth and in the same way as Chelsea on the opposite bank, it adjoins the Thames before it flows through central London.
It takes in all of the district of Battersea, including its large Battersea Park (which hosts frequent live entertainment events and seasonal festivals), riverside and London Heliport, and stretches eastwards to include Nine Elms. Surrounding Battersea Park, it includes Queenstown, large neighbourhoods of Battersea Town, and, going westwards, it includes most of Wandsworth town, including the riverside, Town Hall and East Hill. Battersea also stretches south between Wandsworth Common and Clapham Common to include Balham Ward and the eastern end of Balham (the west, for general elections, being placed since 1983 in Tooting).
A largely residential and ethnically diverse inner-city district of south London, the seat of Battersea includes half of Clapham Common, along with parts of Balham and Wandsworth. The iconic Battersea Power Station along with Nine Elms and the Patmore Estate. Battersea Power Station dominates the skyline, while Clapham Junction continues to be the busiest railway interchange in the UK.
Thanks to the influx of commuters, the constituency's social and demographic profile has changed considerably over the last quarter of a century. At 57.4%, it has the highest proportion of people with a degree-level qualification or above amongst constituencies in England and Wales, according to Office for National Statistics 2011 Census figures. More than one in five has an associate professional and technical occupation.
A former bellwether seat, Battersea's winner came from the winning party from the 1987 to the 2015 general elections inclusive.
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 provided that the Constituency was to consist of-
- "No. 2 Ward of Battersea Parish,
- No. 3 Ward of Battersea Parish, and
- So much of No. 4 Ward of Battersea Parish as lies to the north of a line drawn along the centre of Battersea Rise, and to the west of a line drawn along the centre of the St. John's Road."
Battersea constituency was originally created in 1885. From 1892 to 1918 the seat was held by trade union leader John Burns who served as a Minister (of the Crown) in the Liberal Cabinets of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman and H. H. Asquith from 1905 until 1914.
The constituency was split in 1918 into:
- Battersea North, which included the cheap housing accompanying Battersea Power Station and railway-works focussed Nine Elms; it saw gradual replacement in its lifespan to overcrowded terraces, and had only four years of a Conservative MP (from 1931).
- Battersea South had average-middle income and few pockets of slum clearance. It saw 38 years of a Conservative MP, lastly from 1959-1964, without electing one during new latter-day Conservative governments which came to power in 1970 and 1979.
The two seats have been rejoined since 1983, such that some areas of Battersea South became part of the adjoining Tooting seat. Alf Dubs (Lab.) before the election the incumbent for Battersea South, won Battersea in 1983. Conservative John Bowis won in the next elections, 1987 and 1992. Martin Linton, a Labour politician, took it back in 1997 and held the seat until 2010.
Minor events including in the split of this constituency period
In 2001, the candidate T.E Barber used the candidate description "No fruit out of context party", and advocated the end of, amongst other crimes against food, pineapples on pizza.
In the book Things Can Only Get Better: Eighteen Miserable Years in the Life of a Labour Supporter, John O'Farrell describes his experiences of being the secretary of Queenstown Branch of the Battersea Labour party, during which time the branch suffered a net loss at every local election and lost in 1987 their MP, Alf Dubs.
Benefiting from an exclusivity arrangement, the old Battersea North was one of two seats in London to have had a Communist MP: Shapurji Saklatvala represented the area from 1922 to 1929. A wealthy aristocratic Indian, he was among the five Communists elected to the national chamber in its history and was the third of the young Socialist Labour/Communist/Labour parties from an ethnic minority background. At first, Saklatvala had local Labour party support and was also a member of that party but then stood as a Communist in 1924 with local Labour party backing. The head office of the less radical Labour party mandated an official Labour candidate stand against him in 1929. The Battersea Labour Club (a drinking club not directly connected with the political party) had a notice on its notice board up until the 1980s banning Communists from admission to the club.
Members of Parliament
|1885||Octavius Vaughan Morgan||Liberal|
|1892||John Burns||Independent Labour|
|1895 (new party)||Liberal-Labour|
|see Battersea North and Battersea South for 1918–1983|
|2017||Marsha de Cordova||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|Labour||Marsha de Cordova||27,290||45.5||0.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Mark Gitsham||9,150||15.3||7.3|
|Brexit Party||Jake Thomas||386||0.6||New|
|Labour||Marsha de Cordova||25,292||45.9||+9.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Richard Davis||4,401||8.0||+3.6|
|Socialist (GB)||Daniel Lambert||32||0.1||New|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+10.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Luke Taylor||2,241||4.4||−10.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Layla Moran||7,176||14.7||−0.1|
|Hugh Salmon for Battersea Party||Hugh Salmon||168||0.3||New|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+6.5|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Norsheen Bhatti||6,006||14.6||+2.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Siobhan Vitelli||4,450||12.1||+4.7|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Paula Keaveney||3,482||7.4||+0.4|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Joseph Marshall||127||0.3||New|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+10.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Roger O'Brien||3,659||7.0||−4.9|
|Natural Law||William Stevens||98||0.2||New|
Elections in the 1980s
|Workers Revolutionary||Anthony Bell||116||0.3||New|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+4.6|
|National Front||Michael Salt||539||1.2||−1.0|
|Campaign for Black & White Unity||T. Jackson||86||0.2||New|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1970s
1979 notional Battersea result (new seat created post-election)
Elections in the 1910s
|Conservative||John Lane Harrington||6,544||44.0||-4.3|
|Ind. Labour Party||Charles Nathaniel Lowe Shaw||477||3.2||New|
Elections in the 1900s
|Conservative||Richard Charles Garton||5,606||48.9||+0.1|
Elections in the 1890s
|Conservative||Charles Ridley Smith||4,766||48.8||+6.9|
|Lib-Lab gain from Independent Labour||Swing||-6.9|
|Independent Labour||John Burns||5,616||58.1||New|
|Conservative||Walter Moresby Chinnery||4,057||41.9||-6.8|
|Independent Labour gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative||Edward Cooper Willis||3,497||48.7||+3.3|
Morgan sought re-election after questions arose about a government contract his firm held.
|Conservative||John Edward Cooke||3,547||45.4|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- The London Borough of Wandsworth has had a Conservative Party majority of councillors in control since 1978.
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Queenstown Road Battersea is passed through by the South Western Main Line. Nine Elms constitutes a large 2010s mixed use neighbourhood including the landmark converted Battersea Power Station by the River Thames. The United States Embassy is part of the redevelopment.
- Specifically: "Fairfield" Ward, Wandsworth
- "Battersea: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Revised estimates of leave vote in Westminster constituencies". Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- Minors, Michael (1998). London Borough Council elections 7 May 1998 : including the Greater London Authority referendum results (PDF). London: London Research Centre. Demographic and Statistical Studies. ISBN 1852612762. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
- Teale, Andrew. "Local Elections Archive Project - 2002 - Wandsworth". www.andrewteale.me.uk. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
- Fifth periodical report : presented to Parliament pursuant to section 3(5) of the Parliamentary Constituencies Act 1986 (PDF). London: Stationery Office. 2007. ISBN 9780101703222. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
- Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Sixth Schedule
- Booth Poverty Map For prostitution and other "Lowest class: Vicious and semi-criminal" classification see Cumberland Street written notes: Archived 2007-08-24 at the Wayback Machine and a small cluster of mean streets by the railways in Nine Elms
- Boothroyd, David (n.d.). "United Kingdom Parliamentary Election results 1997-: London Boroughs". United Kingdom Election Results. Archived from the original on 7 December 2000. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
- "Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF).
- "Battersea parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report" (PDF).
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Council, Wandsworth. "Battersea Constituency - Parliamentary election results May 2015 - Wandsworth Council". www.wandsworth.gov.uk.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
- Debrett’s Illustrated Heraldic and Biographical House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1886
- Debrett’s House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1901
- Debrett’s House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1918