Battle of Autas


The Battle of Autas or Awtas[1][2] was an early battle involving Muslim forces, fought in the year 630 in Awtas, after the Battle of Hunayn, but prior to the siege of Ta'if.[3] Muhammad came with 12,000 fighters against a coalition of tribes. An ambush took place and a rain of arrows were fired on the Muslims.[4] The Muslims, however, came out victorious.

Battle of Autas
Part of the Battle of Hunayn
DateDecember 630
Location
Autas (now part of Saudi Arabia)
Result Muslim victory
Belligerents
Muslims
Quraysh
Thaqif
Commanders and leaders
Abu Amir Ash'ari 
Abu Musa Ash'ari
Muhammad
Unknown
Strength
5,000 Unknown
Casualties and losses
1 Unknown

Background


A league of mountain tribes hostile to Muhammad formed an alliance to attack him.

The league consisted of Thaqifs, Hawazins, Joshimites, Saadites and several other hardened mountain tribes. According to Islamic tradition the valley of the Banu Sa'd (who Irving called "Saadites") is where Muhammad was nurtured as a child and was also purified by an Angel.[5]

The Thaqifs were idolaters who worshipped Allāt. They controlled the productive area of Ta'if, and were also the tribe which drove Muhammad out of Ta'if, pelting stones at him in the public square, when he was first preaching Islam.

Battle


Muhammad went to Autas with 12,000 men. As the Muslim army passed through the valley of Hunain, a group of hostile tribes fired rain of arrows on the Muslims.

The attacked surprised the Muslims, and many fled away from the arrows. Only nine men remained with Muhammad. After a while the Muslim regrouped and gathered around Muhammad. They then marched to Autas, after a confrontation, the tribes were defeated and the Muslims captured a large amount of war booty.[1][2] It is understood from the Quran that Allah through Muhammad has allowed the Muslim fighters to take the wives of the enemies as captives, however not for fornication but for marriage provided they agreed through the Quranic verse: [Quran 4:24].[6]

References


  1. Ashraf, Shahid (15 June 2005), Encyclopaedia Of Holy Prophet And Companion (Set Of 15 Vols.), Anmol Publications Pvt Ltd., p. 31, ISBN 978-81-261-1940-0 Page 31 in which volume?
  2. "witness-pioneer.org". www.witness-pioneer.org. Archived from the original on July 17, 2010.
  3. Hawarey, Dr. Mosab (2010). The Journey of Prophecy; Days of Peace and War (Arabic). Islamic Book Trust.Note: Book contains a list of battles of Muhammad in Arabic, English translation available here Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine
  4. "Victory".
  5. Irving, Washington (February 21, 2008), Lives of Mahomet and his successors, Kessinger Publishing, LLC, pp. 111–113, ISBN 978-0548883037. Note: A Full version of this book is available free on Google books
  6. "Surah An-Nisa - 24". quran.com.