Battle of Ayn al-Tamr

The Battle of Ayn al-Tamr (Arabic: معركة عين التمر) took place in modern-day Iraq (Mesopotamia) between the early Muslim Arab forces and the Sassanians along with their Arab Christian auxiliary forces. Ayn al-Tamr is located west of Anbar and was a frontier post which had been established to aid the Sassanids.[7]

Battle of Ayn al-Tamr
Part of Muslim conquest of Persia and
Campaigns of Khalid ibn al-Walid
Date633 AD
Location
Result Rashidun Caliphate victory[1]
Belligerents
Rashidun Caliphate Sassanid Imperial Army[2]
Arab Christian Auxiliaries[3]
Commanders and leaders
Khalid ibn al-Walid Mihran Bahram-i Chubin
Aqqa ibn Qays ibn Bashir (POW)
Strength
500-600[4] Unknown number, although it consisted of a "great" following of Arab Christian tribes and Sassanian troops.[5]
Casualties and losses
Low High[6]

The Muslims under Khalid ibn al-Walid's command soundly defeated the Sassanian auxiliary force, which included large numbers of non-Muslim Arabs who broke earlier covenants with the Muslims.[8] According to non-Muslim sources, Khalid ibn al-Walid captured the Arab Christian commander, Aqqa ibn Qays ibn Bashir, with his own hands.[9]