Battle of Bergerac

The Battle of Bergerac was fought between Anglo-Gascon and French forces at the town of Bergerac, Gascony, in August 1345 during the Hundred Years' War. In early 1345 Edward III of England decided to launch a major attack on the French from the north, while sending smaller forces to Brittany and Gascony, the latter being both economically important to the English war effort and the proximate cause of the war. The French focused on the threat to northern France, leaving comparatively small forces in the south-west.

Battle of Bergerac
Part of the Gascon campaign of the Hundred Years' War

18th-century map showing Bergerac within its defences, and the bridge and suburbs south of the Dordogne
DateLate August 1345
Location
Bergerac, France
44°51′34″N 00°28′59″E
Result Anglo-Gascon victory
Belligerents
Kingdom of England Kingdom of France
Commanders and leaders
Henry of Grosmont, Earl of Derby Henri de Montigny, Seneshal of Périgord  (POW)
Strength
1,200 men-at-arms (of whom 700 were Gascons)
1,500 English longbowmen
2,800 Gascon infantry
1,600 men-at-arms
Large number of infantry
Casualties and losses
Very light Over 600 men-at-arms killed; many captured
Large number of infantry killed
Location within France

Henry of Grosmont, Earl of Derby arrived in Gascony in August and, breaking with the previous policy of cautious advance, struck directly at the largest French concentration, at Bergerac. He surprised and defeated the French forces under Bertrand I of L'Isle-Jourdain and Henri de Montigny. The French suffered heavy casualties and the loss of the town, a significant strategic setback. Along with the Battle of Auberoche later in the year, it marked a change in the military balance of power in the region. It was the first of a series of victories which would lead to Henry of Derby being called "one of the best warriors in the world" by a contemporary chronicler.[1]