Batum Oblast


The Batum Oblast was an oblast (province) of the Caucasus Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire, with the maritime city of Batum as its center. It roughly corresponded to most of present-day southwestern Georgia. It was created out of the territories of the former Ottoman Sanjak of Batum (ruled by the Ottomans since the late 16th century).

ბათუმის რეგიონი
Батумская область
Batum Oblast
Oblast of Russian Empire
1878–1918
Coat of arms
CapitalBatum
Area
  Coordinates41.6458°N 41.6417°E / 41.6458; 41.6417
 
 1897
61,092 km2 (23,588 sq mi)
Population 
 1897
144584
History 
 Treaty of San Stefano
20 September 1878
12 June 1883
17 March 1903
 Proclamation of PNGSC
1918
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Trebizond Vilayet
Provisional National Government of the Southwestern Caucasus
Today part of Georgia
 Turkey

Demographics


As of 1897, the total population of the Batum and Artvin Okrugs, which would later form the Batum Oblast, was 144,584. Kartvelians, including primarily the Adjarians, Muslim Georgian-speakers, constituted 43.5% of the population. Turks constituted the second largest group at 30.8% and were mostly concentrated in the Artvin area (today the Artvin Province of Turkey due to the Treaty of Kars). Significant minorities included Armenians, Russians, and Caucasus Greeks.

Ethnic groups in 1897

TOTAL 144,584 100%
Kartvelians 63,012 43,5%
Turks 44,667 30,8%
Armenians 14,939 10,3%
Russians 7,532 5,2%
Greeks 4,717 3,2%

[1]

See also


References


  1. Includes population figures for the Batum and Artvin Okrugs, which would form the Batum Oblast by 1917. "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". Demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2017-04-18. and "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". Demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2017-04-18.