Bavarian Soviet Republic

The Bavarian or Munich Soviet Republic (German: Räterepublik Baiern, Münchner Räterepublik)[1][2][3] was a short-lived unrecognised socialist state in Bavaria during the German Revolution of 1918–19.[4][5] It took the form of a workers' council republic. Its name is also sometimes rendered in English as the Bavarian Council Republic;[6] the German term Räterepublik means a republic of councils or committees: council or committee is also the meaning of the Russian word soviet.[3] It was established in April 1919 after the demise of Kurt Eisner's People's State of Bavaria and sought to establish a socialist soviet republic in Bavaria. It was overthrown less than a month later by elements of the German Army and the paramilitary Freikorps. Several individuals involved in its collapse later joined the Nazi Party during its subsequent rise to power.

Bavarian Soviet Republic
Münchner Räterepublik
Motto: "Proletarier aller Länder, vereinigt Euch!"
"Workers of the world, unite!"
Anthem: Die Internationale
The Internationale
Territory claimed by the Bavarian Soviet Republic (in red) shown with the rest of the Weimar Republic (in beige).
StatusUnrecognized state
Common languagesGerman
GovernmentSoviet Republic
 12 April 1919 – 3 May 1919
Eugen Leviné
6 April 1919
3 May 1919
CurrencyGerman Papiermark (ℳ)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Weimar Republic
People's State of Bavaria
Weimar Republic
Free State of Bavaria
Today part ofGermany