Bechuanaland Protectorate

The Bechuanaland Protectorate (/ˌbɛuˈɑːnəlænd/) was a protectorate established on 31 March 1885, by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in Southern Africa. It became the Republic of Botswana on 30 September 1966.[2]

Bechuanaland Protectorate
1885–1966
Anthem: God Save the Queen
1885 map showing the Bechuanaland Protectorate prior to the creation of the crown colony of British Bechuanaland and the Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty
StatusProtectorate of the United Kingdom
Capital
Official languagesEnglish
Common languagesSetswana, Kalanga, Northern Ndebele widely spoken
Religion
Congregationalism (Christian mission churches of the London Missionary Society/LMS); Anglicanism, Methodism, Badimo
GovernmentProtectorate
Monarch 
 1885–1901
Victoria
 1901–1910
Edward VII
 1910–1936
George V
 1936
Edward VIII
 1936–1952
George VI
 1952-1966
Elizabeth II
Resident Commissioner 
 1884–1885
John Mackenzie
 1965–1966
Hugh Norman-Walker
Historical eraNew Imperialism
31 March 1885
 Expanded
1890
 Independence
30 September 1966
Area
1924[1]712,000 km2 (275,000 sq mi)
Population
 1924[1]
152,980
Currency
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Tswana people
Botswana
Today part ofBotswana
South Africa
An 1887 map showing the Crown colony of Bechuanaland (shaded pink) and the Bechuanaland Protectorate (pink border). This was prior to the extension northward to include Ngamiland in 1890.

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