Beetroot

The beetroot is the taproot portion of a beet plant,[1] usually known in Canada and the United States as beets while the vegetable is referred to as beetroot in British English, and also known as the table beet, garden beet, red beet, dinner beet or golden beet.

Beetroot
Beetroots on the stem
SpeciesBeta vulgaris
SubspeciesBeta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris
Cultivar groupConditiva Group
OriginSea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima)
Cultivar group membersMany; see text.
Root and cross section of cultivar 'Chioggia'
Root and cross section of a yellow cultivar

It is one of several cultivated varieties of Beta vulgaris grown for their edible taproots and leaves (called beet greens); they have been classified as B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris Conditiva Group.[2]

Other cultivars of the same species include the sugar beet, the leaf vegetable known as chard or spinach beet, and mangelwurzel, which is a fodder crop. Three subspecies are typically recognized.