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Connections between Belgium and the Philippines can be traced back in the Colonial era during the reign of Leopold II of Belgium. Leopold II who just ascended the Belgian throne in 1865 lobbied Queen Isabella II of Spain to cede the Philippines, Spain's sole colony in the Far East, to Belgium in his search to acquire a colony for his country.
During a visit to the Philippines in September 1995, Belgian State Secretary Reginald Moreels decided to designate the Philippines as a "partner country" meaning that the country is prioritized as a recipient of Belgian development assistance. This designation remained until April 2000. Since 1995, Belgium has given the Philippines more than 45 million Euros worth of grants and loans as economic and social development aid to the country.
- Ankomah, Baffour (October 1999). "The Butcher of Congo". New African. IC Publications Limited. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
- Sherwood, James (5 November 2013). "HM King Leopold II of the Belgians". Henry Poole & Co. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
- "Overview of the Philippines - Belgium Bilateral Relations". Philippine Embassy in Brussels. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
- "Philippines - Belgium Development Cooperation". Philippine Embassy in Brussels. Retrieved 31 December 2014.