Benedetto Croce

Benedetto Croce (Italian: [beneˈdetto ˈkroːtʃe]; 25 February 1866 – 20 November 1952)[3] was an Italian idealist philosopher,[4] historian[5] and politician, who wrote on numerous topics, including philosophy, history, historiography and aesthetics. In most regards, Croce was a liberal, although he opposed laissez-faire free trade and had considerable influence on other Italian intellectuals, including both Marxist Antonio Gramsci and fascist Giovanni Gentile.[3] Croce was President of PEN International, the worldwide writers' association, from 1949 until 1952. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature sixteen times.[6] He is also noted for his "major contributions to the rebirth of Italian democracy."[7]

Benedetto Croce
Member of the Italian Senate
In office
8 May 1948  20 November 1952
ConstituencyNaples
Member of the Italian Constituent Assembly
In office
25 June 1946  31 January 1948
ConstituencyAt-large
Minister of Public Education
In office
15 June 1920  4 July 1921
Prime MinisterGiovanni Giolitti
Preceded byAndrea Torre
Succeeded byOrso Mario Corbino
Member of the Italian Royal Senate
In office
26 January 1910  24 June 1946
MonarchVictor Emmanuel III
Personal details
Born(1866-02-25)25 February 1866
Pescasseroli, Italy
Died20 November 1952(1952-11-20) (aged 86)
Naples, Italy
Spouse(s)
Adele Rossi
(m. 1914; died 1952)
Domestic partner
Angelina Zampanelli
(m. 1893; her d. 1913)
ChildrenElena, Alda, Silvia, Lidia
Alma materUniversity of Naples
ProfessionHistorian, writer, landowner
Signature

Philosophy career
Era20th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolNeo-Hegelianism
Classical liberalism
Historism[1] (storicismo)
Main interests
History, aesthetics, politics
Notable ideas
Liberism
Aesthetic expressivism