Berbers or Imazighen (Berber languages: ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ, ⵎⵣⵗⵏ, romanized: Imaziɣen; singular: Amaziɣ, ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖ ⵎⵣⵗ; Arabic: أمازيغ) are an ethnic group who are indigenous to North Africa, specifically Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, the Canary Islands, and to a lesser extent in Mauritania, northern Mali, and northern Niger. Smaller Berber populations are also found in Burkina Faso and Egypt's Siwa Oasis.[30] Historically, Berber nations spoke the Berber languages, which are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family.[3]

  • Berbers
  • Amazighs
Imaziɣen, ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ, ⵎⵣⵗⵏ
Arabic: أمازيغ
Total population
50–70 million[disputed ][1][2][3][4]
Regions with significant populations
Moroccofrom ~18 million[5][6] to ~20 million[2][7]
Algeriafrom 9[2] to ~13 million[6][8]
Libya~3,850,000[4][verification needed]
Francemore than 2 million[10]
Mauritania2,883,000 (2,768,000[11] & 115,000[12])
Belgium500,000 (including descendants)[15]
Netherlands467,455 (including descendants)[citation needed]
Burkina Faso50,000[16]
Egypt23,000[17] or 1,826,580[4]
Canada37,060 (including those of mixed ancestry)[18]
Norway4,500 (including descendants)[citation needed]
United States1,325[20]
Canary Islands~Unknown[21]
Berber languages (Tamazight), traditionally written with Tifinagh alphabet, also Berber Latin alphabet;
Maghrebi Arabic
Predominantly Sunni Islam.
Minorities Ibadis, Shias, Christianity (chiefly Catholicism),[22][23] Judaism, and traditional faith
Related ethnic groups
Arab-Berbers, Kabyle, other Afro-Asiatic peoples[24][25][26][27][28][29]