Berbers

Berbers (Arabic: بربر), also called by their self-name Amazigh or Imazighen (Berber languages: ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ, ⵎⵣⵗⵏ, romanized: Imaziɣen; singular: Amaziɣ, ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖ ⵎⵣⵗ; Arabic: أمازيغ), are an ethnic group indigenous to the Maghreb region of North Africa, where they live in scattered communities across parts of Morocco, Algeria, and Libya, and to a lesser extent Tunisia, Mauritania, northern Mali, and northern Niger.[29][30][31] Smaller Berber communities are also found in Burkina Faso and Egypt's Siwa Oasis.[32] Historically, Berber nations have spoken Berber languages, which are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family.[3]

  • Berbers
  • Amazighs
Imaziɣen, ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ, ⵎⵣⵗⵏ
Arabic: بربر - أمازيغ
Total population
36 million[1][2][3][4]
Regions with significant populations
Morocco14 million[5] to 18 million[6][7]
Algeria9 million[2] to ~13 million[7][8]
Mauritania129,000[9]
Niger2.6 million[10]
France2 million[11]
Mali850,000[12]
Libya600,000[13]
Belgium500,000 (including descendants)[14]
Netherlands467,455 (including descendants)[citation needed]
Burkina Faso406,271[15]
Egypt23,000[16]
Tunisia117,783[17]
Canada37,060 (including those of mixed ancestry)[18]
Norway4,500 (including descendants)[citation needed]
Israel3,500[19]
United States1,325[20]
Languages
Berber languages (Tamazight) and Arabic
Religion
Predominantly Sunni Islam.
Minorities Ibadis, Shias, Christianity (chiefly Catholicism),[21][22] Judaism
Related ethnic groups
Arabs and other Afro-Asiatic speaking peoples[23][24][25][26][27][28]

Share this article:

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Berbers, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.