Berbers (Arabic: بربر), also called by their self-name Amazigh (/æməˈzɪɡ/) or Imazighen (Berber languages: ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ, ⵎⵣⵗⵏ, romanized: Imaziɣen; singular: Amaziɣ, ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖ ⵎⵣⵗ; Arabic: أمازيغ), are an ethnic group indigenous to the Maghreb region of North Africa, where they live in scattered communities across parts of Morocco, Algeria, and Libya, and to a lesser extent Tunisia, Mauritania, northern Mali, and northern Niger.[29][30][31] Smaller Berber communities are also found in Burkina Faso and Egypt's Siwa Oasis.[32] Historically, Berber nations have spoken Berber languages, which are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family.[3]

  • Berbers
  • Amazighs
Imaziɣen, ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ, ⵎⵣⵗⵏ
Arabic: بربر - أمازيغ
Total population
36 million[1][2][3][4]
Regions with significant populations
Morocco14 million[5] to 18 million[6][7]
Algeria9 million[2] to ~13 million[7][8]
Niger2.6 million[10]
France2 million[11]
Belgium500,000 (including descendants)[14]
Netherlands467,455 (including descendants)[citation needed]
Burkina Faso406,271[15]
Canada37,060 (including those of mixed ancestry)[18]
Norway4,500 (including descendants)[citation needed]
United States1,325[20]
Berber languages (Tamazight) and Arabic
Predominantly Sunni Islam.
Minorities Ibadis, Shias, Christianity (chiefly Catholicism),[21][22] Judaism
Related ethnic groups
other other Afro-Asiatic speaking peoples and Mediterranean peoples[23][24][25][26][27][28]

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