Berehove or Beregovo (Ukrainian: Берегове; Russian: Берегово; Hungarian: Beregszász; Yiddish: בערעגסאז Beregsaz, Rusyn: Берегово) is a city located in Zakarpattia Oblast (province) in western Ukraine, near the border with Hungary. It is the cultural centre of the Hungarian minority in Ukraine.
Beregszász • Берегове
Берегово • בערעגסאז
|Raion||City of Berehove|
|• Mayor||Zoltán Babják|
|• Total||19 km2 (7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||115 m (377 ft)|
|• Total||23 571|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Serving as the administrative center of Berehove Raion (district), the city itself is also designated as a city of oblast significance, with a status equal to a separate raion, with a population of 23,571 (2020 est.) .
The city has many different variations of spelling its name: Romanian: Bereg, Rusyn: Берегово (translit. Berehovo), Russian: Берегово (translit. Beregovo), Czech and Slovak: Berehovo, Yiddish: בערעגסאז, Beregsaz, German: Bergsaß, Polish: Bereg Saski.
Residents of Berehovo voted on October 31, 2010 in a referendum on renaming the town to Beregszász, its Hungarian-language name. Voter turnout was less than 52%, with 4,688 voting for renaming, 4,358 against, and 1,016 invalid ballots.
Part of the city is also a near adjacent village of Zatyshne of 504 people that has its representation in the city's council.
Hungarian has been made a regional language in Berehovo in September 2012; meaning it will now be used in the town's administrative office work and documents. This was made possible after new legislation on languages in Ukraine was passed in the summer of 2012.
|Climate data for Berehove|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−2.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||45
In 1910, out of 12,933 inhabitants 12,432 were Hungarians (96.1%), 221 Ukrainians (Ruthenians) and 140 Germans.
From 1920 until 1938 it was part of Czechoslovakia. Prior to World War II, the city had a significant Jewish population, estimated at 8,000 persons. Only four returned, following the war.
- 48.1% Hungarians 12.8 thousands
- 38.9% Ukrainians 10.3 thousands
- 6.4% Romani people 1.7 thousands
- 5.4% Russians 1.5 thousands
- Rabbi Hugo Gryn (1930–1996) was born here on June 25, 1930 and became well known as a broadcaster in Britain.
- The parents of Nobel Prize–winning economist Milton Friedman lived there before emigrating to the United States.
- Julius Rebek (born April 11, 1944), American chemist and expert on molecular self-assembly was born here.
- Csaba Czébely (born December 3, 1975), the drummer of Hungarian heavy metal band Pokolgép.
- Géza Kalocsay (born May 30, 1913, died September 26, 2008), former Hungarian and Czechoslovak footballer, football manager e.g. Standard Liège, FK Partizan, Górnik Zabrze.
- Aranka Siegal (born June 10, 1930) is a writer, Holocaust survivor, and recipient of the Newbery Honor and Boston Globe-Horn Book Award, both awarded to her in 1982.
- Andrea Bocskor (born August 11, 1978), politician who in the 2014 European Parliament election in Hungary was elected into the European Parliament. Hence, Bocskor became the first elected Ukrainian citizen in the European Parliament.
- Yoram Chaiter, physician and cancer researcher was born in the city.
- Hungarian voice actor Gábor Seder [hu] was born in Berehove.
- Sári Fedák (1879-1955), Hungarian actress and singer was born here.
- Alen Panov (1978), Ukrainian diplomat, lawyer and professor of Uzhhorod National University
Twin towns — Sister cities
Berehove is twinned with:
- The dam in Berehove Postcard 1900
- City limit sign, in three scripts, two languages
- (in Ukrainian) In Berehovo, Transcarpathia, the majority of the council was occupied by representatives of Hungarians, Ukrayinska Pravda (3 November 2020)
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- Information by Fedir Shandor, the Head of the Carpathian Polling Research Center according to Ukrainian Radio website Archived 2010-11-25 at the Wayback Machine
- Берегсас вместо Берегово (GLAVRED: Beregszász instead of Berehove) November 5, 2010
- Romanian becomes regional language in Bila Tserkva in Zakarpattia region, Kyiv Post (24 September 2012)
- "Climate: Berehove". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
- (Hungarian) Szarka László. "A városi magyar népesség a Magyarországgal szomszédos országokban (1910-2000)" (PDF). p. 201. Retrieved 2008-06-25.
- Jim Bawden, "Auschwitz twin confronts past". Toronto Star, March 5, 2001: C7.
- № 2746. «Красное знамя» // Летопись периодических и продолжающихся изданий СССР 1986 - 1990. Часть 2. Газеты. М., «Книжная палата», 1994. стр.360
- Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик, их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу
- Берегово // Большой энциклопедический словарь (в 2-х тт.). / редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. том 1. М., «Советская энциклопедия», 1991. стр.128
- "Ukraine population census 2001". Rebek. Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2015-03-21.
- Andrea BOCSKOR, European Parliament
- (in Ukrainian) A citizen of Ukraine has become a Member of European Parliament, Ukrayinska Pravda (3 July 2014)