# Bernhard Riemann

**Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann** (German: [ˈɡeːɔʁk ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈbɛʁnhaʁt ˈʁiːman] (listen);[1][2] 17 September 1826 – 20 July 1866) was a German mathematician who made contributions to analysis, number theory, and differential geometry. In the field of real analysis, he is mostly known for the first rigorous formulation of the integral, the Riemann integral, and his work on Fourier series. His contributions to complex analysis include most notably the introduction of Riemann surfaces, breaking new ground in a natural, geometric treatment of complex analysis. His 1859 paper on the prime-counting function, containing the original statement of the Riemann hypothesis, is regarded as one of the most influential papers in analytic number theory. Through his pioneering contributions to differential geometry, Riemann laid the foundations of the mathematics of general relativity. He is considered by many to be one of the greatest mathematicians of all time.[3][4]

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Bernhard Riemann | |
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Born | Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann 17 September 1826 |

Died | 20 July 1866 39) | (aged

Nationality | German |

Citizenship | Germany |

Alma mater | |

Known for | See list |

Scientific career | |

Fields | |

Institutions | University of Göttingen |

Thesis | 'Grundlagen für eine allgemeine Theorie der Funktionen einer veränderlichen complexen Größe' (1851) |

Doctoral advisor | Carl Friedrich Gauss |

Other academic advisors | |

Notable students | Gustav Roch Eduard Selling |

Influences | J. P. G. L. Dirichlet |

Signature | |