Bernicia

Bernicia (Old English: Bernice, Bryneich, Beornice; Latin: Bernicia) was an Anglo-Saxon kingdom established by Anglian settlers of the 6th century in what is now southeastern Scotland and North East England.

Kingdom of Bernicia
Beornice
6th century–654
CapitalBamburgh
Common languagesOld English, Cumbric
Religion
Anglo-Saxon paganism
GovernmentMonarchy
Historical eraEarly Medieval
 Established
6th century
 Shared crown with Deira
604
 merged with Deira
654
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Sub-Roman Britain
Northumbria
Today part ofUnited Kingdom
England
Scotland

The Anglian territory of Bernicia was approximately equivalent to the modern English counties of Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, and Durham, as well as the Scottish counties of Berwickshire and East Lothian, stretching from the Forth to the Tees. In the early 7th century, it merged with its southern neighbour, Deira, to form the kingdom of Northumbria, and its borders subsequently expanded considerably.