Bertolt Brecht

Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956), known professionally as Bertolt Brecht,[lower-alpha 1] was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and poet. Coming of age during the Weimar Republic, he had his first successes as a playwright in Munich and moved to Berlin in 1924, where he wrote The Threepenny Opera with Kurt Weill and began a lifelong collaboration with the composer Hanns Eisler. Immersed in Marxist thought during this period, he wrote didactic Lehrstücke and became a leading theoretician of epic theatre (which he later preferred to call "dialectical theatre") and the so-called V-effect.

Bertolt Brecht
BornEugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht
(1898-02-10)10 February 1898
Augsburg, Bavaria, German Empire
Died14 August 1956(1956-08-14) (aged 58)
East Berlin, East Germany
Occupation
  • Playwright
  • theatre director
  • poet
NationalityGerman
Genre
Notable works
Spouses
    (m. 1922; div. 1927)
      (m. 1930)
      Children
      Signature

      During the Nazi period, Bertolt Brecht lived in exile, first in Scandinavia, and during World War II in the United States, where he was surveilled by the FBI.[3] After the war he was subpoenaed by the House Un-American Activities Committee. Returning to East Berlin after the war, he established the theatre company Berliner Ensemble with his wife and long-time collaborator, actress Helene Weigel.[4]