Bhubaneswar

Bhubaneswar (/ˌbʊbəˈnʃwər/; Odia: [ˈbʱubɔneswɔɾɔ] (listen)) is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Odisha. The region, especially the old town, was historically often depicted as Ekamra Khetra (area (kshetra) adorned with mango trees (ekamra)).[9] Bhubaneswar is dubbed the "Temple City"[10][11]—a nickname earned because of the 700 temples which once stood there. In contemporary times, it has emerged as an education hub[12][13] and an attractive business destination.[14][15][16]

Bhubaneswar
Ekamra-Khetra
Metropolis
Nicknames: 
Sports Capital of India
Temple City of India
Startup Hub of East India[1]
Bhubaneswar
Map showing Bhubaneswar in Odisha
Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar (India)
Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar (Asia)
Coordinates: 20.27°N 85.84°E / 20.27; 85.84
Country India
State Odisha
DistrictKhordha
Named forShiva
Government
  TypeMunicipal Corporation
  BodyBhubaneswar Municipal Corporation (BMC)
  Member of ParliamentAparajita Sarangi (BJP)
  Members of Legislative AssemblyBhubaneswar Central (Madhya) : Shri Ananta Narayan Jena, BJD

Bhubaneswar North (Uttar) : Shri Susant Kumar Rout, BJD

Ekamra Bhubaneswar : Shri Ashok Chandra Panda, BJD
  Municipal CommissionerShri Sanjay Kumar Singh, IAS
  Commissioner of PoliceShri S.K. Priyadarshi, IPS
  Deputy Commissioner of PoliceDr. Umashankar Dash, IPS
Area
  Metropolis186 km2 (72 sq mi)
  Metro1,110 km2 (430 sq mi)
Elevation
58 m (190 ft)
Population
 (2011)[5]
  Metropolis837,321
  Density2,131.4/km2 (5,520.2/sq mi)
  Metro1,300,000 (60th)
Demonym(s)Bhubaneswarites[7]
Bhubaneswaria[8]
Languages
  OfficialOdia, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
751xxx, 752xxx, 754xxx
Telephone code0674, 06752
Vehicle registrationOD-02 (South Bhubaneswar)
OD-33 (North Bhubaneswar)
UN/LOCODEIN BBI
Websitewww.bhubaneswar.me
www.smartcitybhubaneswar.gov.in
www.bmc.gov.in

Although the modern city of Bhubaneswar was formally established in 1948, the history of the areas in and around the present-day city can be traced to the 7th century BCE and earlier. It is a confluence of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain heritage and includes several Kalingan temples, many of them from 6th-13th century CE. With Puri and Konark it forms the 'Swarna Tribhuja' ("Golden Triangle"), one of eastern India's most visited destinations.[17][18]

Bhubaneswar replaced Cuttack as the capital on 19 August 1949, 2 years after India gained its independence from Britain. The modern city was designed by the German architect Otto Königsberger in 1946. Along with Jamshedpur and Chandigarh, it was one of modern India's first planned cities.[19] Bhubaneswar and Cuttack are often referred to as the 'twin cities of Odisha'. The metropolitan area formed by the two cities had a population of 1.7 million in 2011.[20] Recent data from the United Nations released in 2016 states that Bhubaneswar's metro area has a population of around a million people.[6] Bhubaneswar is categorised as a Tier-2 city. Bhubaneswar and Rourkela are the only cities in smart city mission from Odisha.